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From Proto-Italic *rapiō[1], perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rp-i-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rep- (to snatch) (compare Albanian rrjep, Ancient Greek ἐρέπτομαι (eréptomai), Lithuanian ap-répti).



rapiō (present infinitive rapere, perfect active rapuī, supine raptum); third conjugation iō-variant

  1. to snatch, grab, carry off, abduct, rape, steal
    Synonyms: abdūcō, tollō, adimō, fraudō, corripiō, auferō, ēripiō, dēmō, āvertō, āmoveō, diripio, praedor, agō


   Conjugation of rapiō (third conjugation -variant)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present rapiō rapis rapit rapimus rapitis rapiunt
imperfect rapiēbam rapiēbās rapiēbat rapiēbāmus rapiēbātis rapiēbant
future rapiam rapiēs rapiet rapiēmus rapiētis rapient
perfect rapuī rapuistī rapuit rapuimus rapuistis rapuērunt,
pluperfect rapueram rapuerās rapuerat rapuerāmus rapuerātis rapuerant
future perfect rapuerō rapueris rapuerit rapuerimus rapueritis rapuerint
sigmatic future1 rapsō rapsis rapsit rapsimus rapsitis rapsint
passive present rapior raperis,
rapitur rapimur rapiminī rapiuntur
imperfect rapiēbar rapiēbāris,
rapiēbātur rapiēbāmur rapiēbāminī rapiēbantur
future rapiar rapiēris,
rapiētur rapiēmur rapiēminī rapientur
perfect raptus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect raptus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect raptus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present rapiam rapiās rapiat rapiāmus rapiātis rapiant
imperfect raperem raperēs raperet raperēmus raperētis raperent
perfect rapuerim rapuerīs rapuerit rapuerīmus rapuerītis rapuerint
pluperfect rapuissem rapuissēs rapuisset rapuissēmus rapuissētis rapuissent
sigmatic aorist1 rapsim rapsīs rapsīt rapsīmus rapsītis rapsint
passive present rapiar rapiāris,
rapiātur rapiāmur rapiāminī rapiantur
imperfect raperer raperēris,
raperētur raperēmur raperēminī raperentur
perfect raptus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect raptus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present rape rapite
future rapitō rapitō rapitōte rapiuntō
passive present rapere rapiminī
future rapitor rapitor rapiuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives rapere rapuisse raptūrum esse rapī raptum esse raptum īrī
participles rapiēns raptūrus raptus rapiendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
rapiendī rapiendō rapiendum rapiendō raptum raptū

1At least one use of the archaic "sigmatic future" and "sigmatic aorist" tenses is attested, which are used by Old Latin writers; most notably Plautus and Terence. The sigmatic future is generally ascribed a future or future perfect meaning, while the sigmatic aorist expresses a possible desire ("might want to").

Derived terms[edit]



  • rapio”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rapio”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rapio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to lead a person into error: aliquem in errorem inducere, rapere
    • to lead the army with forced marches: citatum agmen rapere
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN