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From ab- (from, away, off) +‎ ferō (to bear, carry, bring)



auferō (present infinitive auferre, perfect active abstulī, supine ablātum); third conjugation, irregular

  1. (literally) take away, take off, bear away, bear off, carry off, remove, withdraw
    Synonyms: tollō, ferō, rapiō, ēripiō, dīripiō, adimō, āvertō
    1. (usually poetic) (of bodies) bear or carry away, sweep away by wings, the winds, waves, or any other quick motion; waft away, sweep away
    2. (figuratively) carry away, mislead, deceive
  2. (especially):
    1. take or snatch away; take by force, remove, withdraw, take away violently, abduct, rob, steal, snatch, confiscate
      1. (poetic) take off or away, destroy, kill, slay, consume
      2. (of places) separate, sever, divide
    2. lay aside (some action, manner of speaking, etc.); cease from, desist from, leave off
    3. (metonymically) (effect for cause) carry off (as the fruit or result of one's labor, exertions, errors, etc.); obtain, gain, get, receive, acquire
      1. (figuratively) carry away (the knowledge of a thing); learn, understand
  3. banish, dispel.
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   Conjugation of auferō (third conjugation, irregular, suppletive)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present auferō aufers aufert auferimus aufertis auferunt
imperfect auferēbam auferēbās auferēbat auferēbāmus auferēbātis auferēbant
future auferam auferēs auferet auferēmus auferētis auferent
perfect abstulī abstulistī abstulit abstulimus abstulistis abstulērunt, abstulēre
pluperfect abstuleram abstulerās abstulerat abstulerāmus abstulerātis abstulerant
future perfect abstulerō abstuleris abstulerit abstulerimus abstuleritis abstulerint
passive present auferor auferris, auferre aufertur auferimur auferiminī auferuntur
imperfect auferēbar auferēbāris, auferēbāre auferēbātur auferēbāmur auferēbāminī auferēbantur
future auferar auferēris, auferēre auferētur auferēmur auferēminī auferentur
perfect ablātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect ablātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect ablātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present auferam auferās auferat auferāmus auferātis auferant
imperfect auferrem auferrēs auferret auferrēmus auferrētis auferrent
perfect abstulerim abstulerīs abstulerit abstulerīmus abstulerītis abstulerint
pluperfect abstulissem abstulissēs abstulisset abstulissēmus abstulissētis abstulissent
passive present auferar auferāris, auferāre auferātur auferāmur auferāminī auferantur
imperfect auferrer auferrēris, auferrēre auferrētur auferrēmur auferrēminī auferrentur
perfect ablātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect ablātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present aufer auferte
future aufertō aufertō aufertōte auferuntō
passive present auferre auferiminī
future aufertor aufertor auferuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives auferre abstulisse ablātūrum esse auferrī ablātum esse ablātum īrī
participles auferēns ablātūrus ablātus auferendus, auferundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
auferendī auferendō auferendum auferendō ablātum ablātū

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  • aufero in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aufero in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aufero in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to carry some one away in one's arms: inter manus auferre aliquem
    • to win the prize: palmam ferre, auferre
    • to extract an answer from some one: responsum ab aliquo ferre, auferre
    • to deprive a person of hope: spem alicui adimere, tollere, auferre, eripere