- (transitive) To remove.
- He took off his shoes.
- The test grader takes off a point for every misspelled word.
- Tomorrow the doctor will take the cast off her arm.
- (transitive) To imitate, often in a satirical manner.
- They love to take off all the politicians' mannerisms.
- (intransitive, of an aircraft or spacecraft) To leave the ground and begin flight; to ascend into the air.
- The plane has been cleared to take off from runway 3.
- (intransitive) To become successful, to flourish.
- The business has really taken off this year and has made quite a profit.
- 2007 July 12, The Guardian, A welcome invasion.
- The message is now the medium – that is powerful and means products can take off practically all by themselves.
- (intransitive) To depart.
- I'm going to take off now.
- Take off, loser!
- (transitive) To quantify.
- I'll take off the concrete and steel for this construction project.
- (transitive) To absent oneself from work or other responsibility, especially with permission.
- If you take off for Thanksgiving you must work Christmas and vice versa.
- He decided to let his mother take a night off from cooking, so he took her and his siblings out to dinner.
Only in sense 1 and 7. can the object appear before or after the particle. If the object is a pronoun, then it must be before the particle. In all other transitive senses, the verb-particle unit cannot be split.
- (remove): doff (applies to clothing only)
- (imitate): ape, imitate, impersonate, mimic
- (become successful): bloom, blossom, flourish, grow, thrive
- (depart): See depart
- (remove): don (applies to clothing only), put on
- (ascend): land (also applies to spacecraft and some other vessels)
- (begin flight): land, touch down
to imitate — see imitate
to begin flight
to become successful
to quantify — see quantify
to absent oneself from work or other responsibility
- to lift off