English [ edit ]
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( transitive ) To remove.
He . took off his shoes
The test grader takes off a point for every misspelled word.
Tomorrow the doctor will take the cast off her arm.
( transitive ) To imitate, often in a satirical manner.
They love to take off all the politicians' mannerisms.
( intransitive , of an aircraft or spacecraft ) To leave the ground and begin flight; to ascend into the air.
The plane has been cleared to take off from runway 3.
( intransitive ) To become successful, to flourish.
The business has really
taken off this year and has made quite a profit.
The Guardian, Thursday July 12, 2007,
A welcome invasion. Article about the success of Scandinavian companies in the British market. "The message is now the medium – that is powerful and means products can
take off practically all by themselves."
( intransitive ) To depart.
I'm going to take off now.
Take off, loser!
( transitive ) To quantify.
I'll take off the concrete and steel for this construction project.
( transitive ) To absent oneself from work or other responsibility, especially with permission.
If you take off for Thanksgiving you must work Christmas and vice versa.
He decided to let his mother take a night off from cooking, so he took her and his siblings out to dinner.
Usage notes [ edit ]
Only in sense 1 and 7. can the object appear before or after the particle. If the object is a pronoun, then it must be before the particle. In all other transitive senses, the verb-particle unit cannot be split.
Synonyms [ edit ]
Antonyms [ edit ]
( remove ) : ( don applies to clothing only), put on
( ascend ) : ( land also applies to spacecraft and some other vessels)
( begin flight ) : , land touch down
Translations [ edit ]
to absent oneself from work or other responsibility
Related terms [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
Anagrams [ edit ]