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Alternative forms




ob- (towards) +‎ ferō (bear, carry)





offerō (present infinitive offerre, perfect active obtulī, supine oblātum); third conjugation, irregular

  1. to bring before or bring to, present, offer, bestow, show, place before, exhibit, expose
    Synonyms: prōferō, sufferō, prōpōnō, afferō, porrigō, polliceor, obiciō, praebeō, expōnō, summittō, dōnō, condōnō, largior, moveō
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 2.589–592:
      “Cum mihi sē nōn ante oculīs tam clāra videndam
      obtulit et pūrā per noctem in lūce refulsit:
      alma parēns, cōnfessa deam, quālīsque vidērī
      caelicolīs et quanta solet [...].”
      “When [suddenly] she presented herself to me – far brighter than [I had] ever seen [her] before – worthy to be viewed, and with clarity, shining through the darkness in [all her] splendor: [my] gracious mother, revealed [as a] goddess, both in form and stature as she was wont to appear to the heaven-dwelling gods.”
      (Venus reveals her divine appearance to Aeneas.)
  2. to cause, occasion, inflict
    Synonyms: indō, pariō, ēdō, importō, addūcō, īnferō, afferō, efficiō, iniciō
  3. (Ecclesiastical Latin) to offer to God, consecrate, dedicate
  4. (Ecclesiastical Latin) to offer up, sacrifice


   Conjugation of offerō (third conjugation, irregular, suppletive)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present offerō offers offert offerimus offertis offerunt
imperfect offerēbam offerēbās offerēbat offerēbāmus offerēbātis offerēbant
future offeram offerēs offeret offerēmus offerētis offerent
perfect obtulī obtulistī obtulit obtulimus obtulistis obtulērunt,
pluperfect obtuleram obtulerās obtulerat obtulerāmus obtulerātis obtulerant
future perfect obtulerō obtuleris obtulerit obtulerimus obtuleritis obtulerint
passive present offeror offerris,
offertur offerimur offeriminī offeruntur
imperfect offerēbar offerēbāris,
offerēbātur offerēbāmur offerēbāminī offerēbantur
future offerar offerēris,
offerētur offerēmur offerēminī offerentur
perfect oblātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect oblātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect oblātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present offeram offerās offerat offerāmus offerātis offerant
imperfect offerrem offerrēs offerret offerrēmus offerrētis offerrent
perfect obtulerim obtulerīs obtulerit obtulerīmus obtulerītis obtulerint
pluperfect obtulissem obtulissēs obtulisset obtulissēmus obtulissētis obtulissent
passive present offerar offerāris,
offerātur offerāmur offerāminī offerantur
imperfect offerrer offerrēris,
offerrētur offerrēmur offerrēminī offerrentur
perfect oblātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect oblātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present offer offerte
future offertō offertō offertōte offeruntō
passive present offerre offeriminī
future offertor offertor offeruntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives offerre obtulisse oblātūrum esse offerrī oblātum esse oblātum īrī
participles offerēns oblātūrus oblātus offerendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
offerendī offerendō offerendum offerendō oblātum oblātū

Derived terms



  • Sardinian: oferrere, oferri, oferriri
  • Proto-West Germanic: *offrōn (see there for further descendants)


  • offero”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • offero”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • offero in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to sacrifice oneself for one's country: se morti offerre pro salute patriae
    • a favourable[1] opportunity presents itself: occasio datur, offertur
    • to expose oneself to peril: periculis se offerre
    • to risk one's life: salutem, vitam suam in discrimen offerre (not exponere)