affero

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Bayogoula[edit]

interjection[edit]

affero

  1. An expression of astonishment.

References[edit]

  • 2005, Anthropological Linguistics, volume 47, issue 1, page 39: "They were prominent speakers of Mobilian Jargon, to the extent that this was sometimes referred to as Bayogoula. In their own language the Bayogoula expressed astonishment by the word (Affero) (La Rochefoucault de Surgeres in Margry 1876-86, 4:260; Swanton 1911:276), which does not appear to be Muskogean or Natchesan." "«Affero», qui signifie leur estonnement."

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ad- +‎ ferō(bear, carry).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

afferō ‎(present infinitive afferre, perfect active attulī, supine allātum); third conjugation, irregular

  1. I carry forth; I bring forth; conduct.
  2. I bring, bear or carry information, deliver, report, announce, inform, publish.
  3. I bring something on someone; cause, effect, impart, give, occasion; bring to or upon.
  4. I bring forwards, allege, assert, adduce.
  5. I bring forth as a product, yield, bear, produce.
  6. I contribute or offer something to, I am useful in.
  7. (with manus) I lay hands on, attack, assail; rob, plunder; nullify.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of affero (third conjugation, irregular, suppletive)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present afferō affers affert afferimus affertis afferunt
imperfect afferēbam afferēbās afferēbat afferēbāmus afferēbātis afferēbant
future afferam afferēs afferet afferēmus afferētis afferent
perfect attulī attulistī attulit attulimus attulistis attulērunt, attulēre
pluperfect attuleram attulerās attulerat attulerāmus attulerātis attulerant
future perfect attulerō attuleris attulerit attulerimus attuleritis attulerint
passive present afferor afferris, afferre affertur afferimur afferiminī afferuntur
imperfect afferēbar afferēbāris, afferēbāre afferēbātur afferēbāmur afferēbāminī afferēbantur
future afferar afferēris, afferēre afferētur afferēmur afferēminī afferentur
perfect allātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect allātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect allātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present afferam afferās afferat afferāmus afferātis afferant
imperfect afferrem afferrēs afferret afferrēmus afferrētis afferrent
perfect attulerim attulerīs attulerit attulerīmus attulerītis attulerint
pluperfect attulissem attulissēs attulisset attulissēmus attulissētis attulissent
passive present afferar afferāris, afferāre afferātur afferāmur afferāminī afferantur
imperfect afferrer afferrēris, afferrēre afferrētur afferrēmur afferrēminī afferrentur
perfect allātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect allātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present affer afferte
future affertō affertō affertōte afferuntō
passive present afferre afferiminī
future affertor affertor afferuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives afferre attulisse allātūrus esse afferrī allātus esse allātum īrī
participles afferēns allātūrus allātus afferendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
afferre afferendī afferendō afferendum allātum allātū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • affero in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.affero”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to lay violent hands on a person: manus inicere, inferre, afferre alicui
    • to lay hands on oneself: manus, vim sibi afferre
    • to finish, complete, fulfil, accomplish a thing: finem imponere, afferre, constituere alicui rei
    • to quote as a reason; give as excuse: causam afferre
    • to determine the issue of; to turn the scale: momentum afferre ad aliquid
    • to contribute much towards...; to affect considerably; to be instrumental in..: multum afferre ad aliquid
    • his crowning happiness is produced by a thing; the culminating point of his felicity is..: aliquid felicitatis cumulum affert
    • to compass, devise a man's overthrow, ruin: perniciem (exitium) alicui afferre, moliri, parare
    • to deliver, rescue a person: salutem alicui afferre
    • to be serviceable: utilitatem afferre, praebere
    • to considerably (in no way) further the common good: multum (nihil) ad communem utilitatem afferre
    • to do harm to, injure any one: damnum inferre, afferre alicui
    • vague rumours reach us: dubii rumores afferuntur ad nos
    • to confer distinction on a person; to redound to his credit: laudem afferre
    • a doubt arises in my mind: dubitatio mihi affertur, inicitur
    • to retard, delay a thing: moram alicui rei afferre, inferre, facere
    • to quote an example: exemplum afferre
    • to cite parallel cases: similitudines afferre
    • to bring forward a proof: argumentum afferre
    • to quote an argument in favour of immortality: argumentum immortalitatis afferre (not pro)
    • to bring forward a proof of the immortality of the soul: argumentum afferre, quo animos immortales esse demonstratur
    • to bring forward an argument (based on common-sense): rationem afferre (Verr. 3. 85. 195)
    • to quote a passage of Plato: locum Platonis afferre, proferre (not citare)
    • to weary, bore the reader: languorem, molestiam legentium animis afferre
    • to give pleasure to some one: afferre alicui laetitiam
    • to add the crowning point to a person's joy: cumulum gaudii alicui afferre (vid. sect. V. 6) (Fam. 16. 21. 1)
    • to cause a person pain: dolorem alicui facere, afferre, commovere
    • something harasses me, makes me anxious: aliquid me sollicitat, me sollicitum habet, mihi sollicitudini est, mihi sollicitudinem affert
    • some one's death has plunged me in grief: mors alicuius luctum mihi attulit
    • to inspire any one with hope: spem alicui facere, afferre, inicere
    • to make a thing credible: fidem facere, afferre alicui rei (opp. demere, de-, abrogare fidem)
    • to kill with violence: vim et manus afferre alicui (Catil. 1. 8. 21)
    • to inspire some one with religious scruples: religionem alicui afferre, inicere, incutere
    • to inflict a defeat on the enemy: cladem hostibus afferre, inferre
    • to use this example: ut hoc utar or afferam