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From ex- +‎ hauriō (draw up or out; consume, exhaust).



exhauriō (present infinitive exhaurīre, perfect active exhausī, supine exhaustum); fourth conjugation

  1. (of liquids) I draw out, empty by drawing, exhaust, drain off, deplete.
  2. (of non-liquids) I take out, use up, deplete, empty out, make empty.
  3. (figuratively) I take away, remove.
  4. (figuratively) I exhaust, carry through, bring to an end.


   Conjugation of exhaurio (fourth conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exhauriō exhaurīs exhaurit exhaurīmus exhaurītis exhauriunt
imperfect exhauriēbam exhauriēbās exhauriēbat exhauriēbāmus exhauriēbātis exhauriēbant
future exhauriam exhauriēs exhauriet exhauriēmus exhauriētis exhaurient
perfect exhausī exhausistī exhausit exhausimus exhausistis exhausērunt, exhausēre
pluperfect exhauseram exhauserās exhauserat exhauserāmus exhauserātis exhauserant
future perfect exhauserō exhauseris exhauserit exhauserimus exhauseritis exhauserint
passive present exhaurior exhaurīris, exhaurīre exhaurītur exhaurīmur exhaurīminī exhauriuntur
imperfect exhauriēbar exhauriēbāris, exhauriēbāre exhauriēbātur exhauriēbāmur exhauriēbāminī exhauriēbantur
future exhauriar exhauriēris, exhauriēre exhauriētur exhauriēmur exhauriēminī exhaurientur
perfect exhaustus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect exhaustus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect exhaustus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exhauriam exhauriās exhauriat exhauriāmus exhauriātis exhauriant
imperfect exhaurīrem exhaurīrēs exhaurīret exhaurīrēmus exhaurīrētis exhaurīrent
perfect exhauserim exhauserīs exhauserit exhauserīmus exhauserītis exhauserint
pluperfect exhausissem exhausissēs exhausisset exhausissēmus exhausissētis exhausissent
passive present exhauriar exhauriāris, exhauriāre exhauriātur exhauriāmur exhauriāminī exhauriantur
imperfect exhaurīrer exhaurīrēris, exhaurīrēre exhaurīrētur exhaurīrēmur exhaurīrēminī exhaurīrentur
perfect exhaustus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect exhaustus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exhaurī exhaurīte
future exhaurītō exhaurītō exhaurītōte exhauriuntō
passive present exhaurīre exhaurīminī
future exhaurītor exhaurītor exhauriuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives exhaurīre exhausisse exhaustūrus esse exhaurīrī exhaustus esse exhaustum īrī
participles exhauriēns exhaustūrus exhaustus exhauriendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
exhaurīre exhauriendī exhauriendō exhauriendum exhaustum exhaustū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • exhaurio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • exhaurio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • exhaurio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to drain the cup of poison: poculum mortis (mortiferum) exhaurire (Cluent. 11. 31)
    • to empty a cup at a draught: exhaurire poculum