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From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ews- (spurious h).



hauriō (present infinitive haurīre, perfect active hausī, supine haustum); fourth conjugation

  1. I draw (especially water), drain.
  2. I drain, drink up, swallow; absorb.
  3. (of blood) I spill, shed.
  4. I devour, consume, exhaust, deplete, use up; engulf.
  5. I tear up, pluck out, draw out; dig up, hollow out.
  6. I draw, derive, borrow, take.


   Conjugation of haurio (fourth conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present hauriō haurīs haurit haurīmus haurītis hauriunt
imperfect hauriēbam hauriēbās hauriēbat hauriēbāmus hauriēbātis hauriēbant
future hauriam hauriēs hauriet hauriēmus hauriētis haurient
perfect hausī hausistī hausit hausimus hausistis hausērunt, hausēre
pluperfect hauseram hauserās hauserat hauserāmus hauserātis hauserant
future perfect hauserō hauseris hauserit hauserimus hauseritis hauserint
passive present haurior haurīris, haurīre haurītur haurīmur haurīminī hauriuntur
imperfect hauriēbar hauriēbāris, hauriēbāre hauriēbātur hauriēbāmur hauriēbāminī hauriēbantur
future hauriar hauriēris, hauriēre hauriētur hauriēmur hauriēminī haurientur
perfect haustus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect haustus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect haustus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present hauriam hauriās hauriat hauriāmus hauriātis hauriant
imperfect haurīrem haurīrēs haurīret haurīrēmus haurīrētis haurīrent
perfect hauserim hauserīs hauserit hauserīmus hauserītis hauserint
pluperfect hausissem hausissēs hausisset hausissēmus hausissētis hausissent
passive present hauriar hauriāris, hauriāre hauriātur hauriāmur hauriāminī hauriantur
imperfect haurīrer haurīrēris, haurīrēre haurīrētur haurīrēmur haurīrēminī haurīrentur
perfect haustus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect haustus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present haurī haurīte
future haurītō haurītō haurītōte hauriuntō
passive present haurīre haurīminī
future haurītor haurītor hauriuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives haurīre hausisse haustūrus esse haurīrī haustus esse haustum īrī
participles hauriēns haustūrus haustus hauriendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
haurīre hauriendī hauriendō hauriendum haustum haustū

Derived terms[edit]



  • haurio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • haurio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • haurio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be drowned in the eddies: gurgitibus hauriri
    • to draw from the fountain-head: e fontibus haurire (opp. rivulos consectari or fontes non videre)
    • to drain the cup of sorrow.[1: calamitatem haurire
    • to take one's fill of enjoyment: voluptates haurire
    • to undergo severe trouble, trials: magnum luctum haurire (without ex-)
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  • exhaust in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911