Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂ews-

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*h₂ews-[1]

  1. dawn
  2. east

Derived terms[edit]


  • *h₂éws-ōs ~ *h₂us-
  • *h₂us-r-
  • *h₂us-ró-
  • *h₂ews-ro-
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Latvian: àustra
      • Lithuanian: aušrà
      • Slavic: *utro (with unexpected loss of -s-, present in variant *ustro) (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *austraz (east), *Austrǭ (Easter, springtime; name of a goddess) (with regular epenthesis *sr > *str) (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic: *aúhrā (< *h₂éwsreh₂)
  • *h₂ews-teros
  • *h₂ewsḗr (< **h₂ews-ér-s, or *h₂us-s-ḗr "what is at dawn; mist" from locative *h₂us-s-ér(i) "at dawn" from *h₂éwsōs[2])
    • Hellenic: *auhḗr
      • Ancient Greek: ᾱ̓ήρ (āḗr)
        Doric Greek: ἀβήρ (abḗr)
        Aeolic Greek: αὐήρ (auḗr)
        Ionic Greek: ἠήρ (ēḗr)
        • → Ancient Greek: αὔριον (aúrion) (< locative *αὔρι (*aúri) < *h₂éwsri)
        • → Ancient Greek: ἦρι (êri, early in the morning) (< locative *h₂éwsri or *h₂ewséri, compare ἠέριος (ēérios, with the early morning))
  • *h₂wōsrih₂

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Nikolaev, Alexander (Fall/Winter 2009), “The Germanic word for ‘sword’ and delocatival derivation in Proto-Indo-European”, in The Journal of Indo-European Studies[1] (PDF), volume 37, issue 3/4, page 466
  3. ^ Zimmer, Stefan (2006), “Some Names and Epithets in Culhwch ac Olwen”, in Studi Celtici[2], volume 3, retrieved 13 January 2016, pages 163–179 (See p. 11 in the online version.)