Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂ews-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*h₂ews-[1]

  1. dawn
  2. east

Derived terms[edit]

  • *h₂éwsr̥h₂
    • Old Armenian։ հաւա՛ր(ա) (hawa՛r(a)) (Morning Wind, Breeze)
  • *h₂ews-i-
    • Proto-Germanic: *auzi(z)
      • Proto-Germanic: *Auziwandilaz (Morning Star)[2] (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₂éws-ōs ~ *h₂us-
  • *h₂é-h₂us-o-m ?
  • *h₂us-r-
  • *h₂us-ró-s
  • *h₂ews-ro-
    • Proto-Albanian: *ausra
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *auš(t)ra-
      • Latvian: àustra, aũstra (dawn light)
      • Lithuanian: aušrà, auštrà
      • Proto-Slavic: *utro (with unexpected loss of -s-, present in variant *ustro) (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Germanic: *austraz (east, adj.), *austrą (east, noun), *Austrǭ (Easter, springtime; name of a goddess) (with regular epenthesis *sr > *str) (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Hellenic: *aúhrā (< *h₂éwsreh₂ or *h₂éwsr̥h₂)
  • *h₂ews-teros
    • Proto-Italic: *austeros
      • Latin: auster (south wind) (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₂us-es-téro-s
  • *h₂ews-ḗr (< **h₂ews-ér-s, “what is at dawn; mist”[3])
  • *h₂wōs-r-ih₂ ? (or *wōsris; alternatively derived from *wósr̥ (spring))
    • Proto-Celtic: *wāris (or *wā(s)rī)
  • *h₂éws ~ *h₂us-és
  • *h₂éws-ti-s ~ *h₂us-téy-s
  • Unsorted formations:
Notes[edit]
  1. ^ Or separately borrowed post–Proto-Uralic into Proto-Finno-Lappic–Mordvinic *waśke, Proto-Ugric *waś (metal, iron) and Proto-Samoyedic *wesä (metal, iron).

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Hatto, Arthur T. (1965) Eos: An enquiry into the theme of lovers' meetings and partings at dawn in poetry, Walter de Gruyter, →ISBN
  3. ^ Nikolaev, Alexander (Fall/Winter 2009), “The Germanic word for ‘sword’ and delocatival derivation in Proto-Indo-European”, in The Journal of Indo-European Studies[2] (PDF), volume 37, issue 3/4, page 466
  4. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “yasa”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, pages 524–525
  5. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006), “Metals”, in The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 241: “*hₐewes-

Root[edit]

*h₂ews-[1][2][3][4]

  1. to draw water, scoop up

Derived terms[edit]

  • *h₂ews-e-ti
    • Proto-Germanic: *ausaną (to scoop) (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₂ews-ye-ti
    • Proto-Italic: *auzjō
      • Latin: hauriō (to draw, scoop up) (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₂ews-e-ti or *h₂ews-ye-ti
  • *h₂us-[5]
    • Proto-Hellenic: [Term?]
      • Ancient Greek: (ἀφ)ύσσω ((aph)ússō, to draw or scoop liquids)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Proto-Anatolian:
      • Palaic: 𒄷𒍑𒅆𒄿𒅔𒀭𒋫 (ḫu-uš-ši-i-in-an-ta /hussīnta, ḫuššīnanta/, they draw water for themselves; sacrificial offering, in particular libations)
    • Proto-Celtic: *awsetlo- or *awselo- (flesh-fork) (possibly)
      • >? Old Irish: aél (or from Old English awul)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “αὔω 2”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 175
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “hauriō, -īre”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 281
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*ausan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 43
  4. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*awsetlo-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 48
  5. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἀφύσσω”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 180