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See also: Reif


Alternative forms[edit]


From Middle English ref, reaf, reif, from Old English rēaf ‎(plunder, spoil, booty, raiment, garment, robe, vestment, armor), from Proto-Germanic *raubą, *raubaz ‎(rape, robbery), from Proto-Indo-European *rewp- ‎(to rip, tear). Cognate with Scots reif, rief ‎(robbery, depredation, spoliation), Saterland Frisian roowje ‎(loot, rob), Dutch roof ‎(spoil, booty, robbery), German Raub ‎(robbery, spoils, plunder). See also reave, robe.


reif ‎(uncountable)

  1. (Scotland, obsolete) Robbery.
    • c. 1524,, a letter, recorded in The History of Scotland (John Hill Burton, 1873), volume 3, page 109:
      The opposition, which, as we shall see, was headed by Archbishop Beaton, protested against the "daily slaughters, murders, reifs, thefts, depredations, and heavy attemptates, that are daily and hourly committed within this realm in fault of justice."
    • c. 1577–1587, Raphael Holinshed, Chronicles:
      [] meaning to live by reif of other mennes goodes, wherein they have no manner of propertie.
    • 1814, Walter Scott, Waverley:
      [] the lawless thieves, limmers, and broken men of the Highlands, had been in fellowship together by reason of their surnames for the committing of divers thefts, reifs, and herships.
    • 1898, Robert Borland, Border Raids and Reivers, page 42:
      In the year 1567, in the first Parliament of James VI., an important Act was passed, entitled "Anent Theft and Receipt of Theft, Taking of Prisoners by Thieves, or Bands for Ransoms, and Punishment of the same." It relates especially to the [] "other inhabitants of the remanent Shires of the Realm," bearing that it is not unknown of the continual theft, reif, and oppression committed within the bounds of the said Sheriffdoms, by [] thieves and "broken men" [who] commit daily "thefts, reifs, herschips, murders, and fire raisings" upon the peaceable subjects of the country.
    • For more examples of usage of this term, see Citations:reif.




From Old High German rīfi, akin to Old Saxon rīpi, (Modern Dutch rijp)



reif ‎(comparative reifer, superlative am reifsten)

  1. ripe



Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • reif in Duden online




  1. second-person singular imperative of reiwen




  1. robbery
    • 1809, The Sang of the Outlaw Murray, in Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border: Historical ballads (Walter Scott), page 18:
      The man that wons yon Foreste intill,
      He lives by reif and felonie !