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U+9418, 鐘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9418

[U+9417]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9419]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 167, +12, 20 strokes, cangjie input 金卜廿土 (CYTG), four-corner 80114, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1323, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40902
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1822, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4258, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9418

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms

Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
鐘-bronze.svg 鐘-silk.svg 鐘-seal.svg 鐘-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjoŋ, *tjoŋ): semantic + phonetic (OC *doːŋ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • cheng - vernacular;
  • chiong - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂuŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /t͡suŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡suŋ²¹/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂuŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂuŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /p͡fəŋ²¹/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂuə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂuŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /p͡fə̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂuŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂoŋ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂoŋ³¹/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡suəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡suŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sũŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡soŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡soŋ³³/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕyɔ³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /t͡san¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂoŋ³³/
    Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂən³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡suŋ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡suŋ⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /tʃuŋ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
    Nanning /t͡suŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡suŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siɔŋ⁵⁵/
    /t͡siŋ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡syŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sœyŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /toŋ²³/
    /t͡soŋ²³/
    /t͡siaŋ²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (7)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕɨoŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕioŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕioŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cuawŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕioŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕĭwoŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕi̯woŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhōng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zung1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhōng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyowng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*toŋ/
    English bell

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 17465 17467
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tjoŋ/ /*tjoŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. bell (Classifier: ; )
      小時一次 [MSC, trad.]
      小时一次 [MSC, simp.]
      Nà ge zhōng měi xiǎoshí xiǎng yīcì. [Pinyin]
      That bell rings once every hour.
    2. clock (Classifier: ; )
      所以校準 [MSC, trad.]
      所以校准 [MSC, simp.]
      Zhè ge zhōng kuài le, suǒyǐ wǒ bǎ tā jiàozhǔn le. [Pinyin]
      The clock was fast so I corrected it.
    3. time measured in hours and minutes
        ―  diǎnzhōng  ―  o'clock
        ―  fēnzhōng  ―  minute
        ―  miǎozhōng  ―  second
    4. (Cantonese) hour (Classifier: ; ; )
    5. (Cantonese, in general) time
    6. (Cantonese, colloquial) time, services of prostitutes
    7. (historical) metal ceremonial percussion instrument hung from a rack and struck with a mallet
    8. Alternative form of (zhōng, “unit of capacity”).
    9. a surname

    Usage notes[edit]

    • The surname ( (zhōng)) is different from the surname (zhōng).

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かね
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (かね) (kane

    1. bell

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しょう
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (しょう) (shō

    1. bell

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 쇠북 (soebuk jong))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: chung, chuông

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.