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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +12, 20 strokes, cangjie input 金卜廿土 (CYTG), four-corner 80114, composition)

  1. clock
  2. bell

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1323, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40902
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1822, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4258, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9418

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂuŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡suŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡suŋ²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂuŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂuŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /p͡fəŋ²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂuə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂuŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /p͡fə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂuŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂoŋ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂoŋ³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡suŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡soŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡soŋ³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕyɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡san¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂoŋ³³/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂən³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡suŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡suŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tʃuŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
Nanning /t͡suŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡suŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siɔŋ⁵⁵/
/t͡siŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡syŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sœyŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /toŋ²³/
/t͡soŋ²³/
/t͡siaŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (23)
Final: (7)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhōng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕɨoŋ/ /t͡ɕioŋ/ /t͡ɕioŋ/ /cuawŋ/ /t͡ɕioŋ/ /t͡ɕĭwoŋ/ /t͡ɕi̯woŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhōng ‹ tsyowng › /*toŋ/ bell

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17465 0 /*tjoŋ/
17467 0 /*tjoŋ/

Noun[edit]

(classifiers (jià), (zuò))

  1. bell
  2. clock
  3. time measured in hours and minutes

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​. Zhong

References[edit]

  • “鐘”, in MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT )[1] (in Mandarin/English), accessed 2014-03-03

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
かね
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かね, romaji kane)

  1. bell

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jong) (hangeul , revised jong, McCune-Reischauer chong, Yale cong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chung, chuông)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.