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See also: , , and 重力
U+52D5, 動
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52D5

[U+52D4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52D6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 19, +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹土大尸 (HGKS), four-corner 24127, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 148, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2390
  • Dae Jaweon: page 333, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 375, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+52D5

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms 𨔝

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
動-oracle.svg 動-bronze.svg 動-silk.svg 動-seal.svg 動-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *doːŋʔ): phonetic (OC *doŋ, *doŋʔ, *doŋs) + semantic (strength).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tǎng/tāng - vernacular;
  • tǒng/tōng - literary.
Note:
  • dang6/tang6 - vernacular;
  • dong6 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
    • (Changsha)
      • Wiktionary: dong5 / dong4
      • Sinological IPA (key) (old-style): /tʊŋ²¹/, /tʊŋ⁴⁵/
      • Sinological IPA (key) (new-style): /tən²¹/, /tən⁴⁵/
  • Note:
    • dong5 - vernacular;
    • dong4 - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (1)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /duŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /duŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /duŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dəwŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /duŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /duŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱuŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dòng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    dung6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dòng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ duwngX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[Cə-m-]tˁoŋʔ/
    English move

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17449
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*doːŋʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (transitive or intransitive) to move
      /   ―  zuò zhe bù dòng  ―  to sit still and not move
      /   ―  dòng lái dòng  ―  to move around
      東西不要 [MSC, trad.]
      东西不要 [MSC, simp.]
      Wǒ de dōngxi nǐ bùyào dòng. [Pinyin]
      Don't move my stuff.
      電腦 / 电脑  ―  Shéi dòng guò wǒ de diànnǎo?  ―  Who used my computer?
    2. to act
      輕舉妄 / 轻举妄  ―  qīngjǔwàngdòng  ―  to act rashly
    3. to alter; to change the state of
      /   ―  gǎidòng  ―  to alter
    4. to use
      /   ―  dòng  ―  to write
      腦筋 / 脑筋  ―  dòngnǎojīn  ―  to use one's head
    5. to move; to touch (emotionally)
      /   ―  dòngrén  ―  moving
      感情 / 感情  ―  dòng gǎnqíng  ―  to be carried away with emotion (usually feelings of love)
      親情 / 亲情  ―  bù wéi qīnqíng suǒ dòng  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
    6. (dialectal, chiefly in the negative) to eat; to drink
      葷腥 / 荤腥  ―  dòng hūnxīng  ―  to never eat meat or fish
    7. (literary) easily; always
      /   ―  dòng yǐ wàn jì  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
    8. (grammar) Short for 動詞动词 (dòngcí, “verb”).

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (どう) ()
    • Korean: (, dong)
    • Vietnamese: động ()

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. movement, to move

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • ” in: 諸橋轍次 (Morohashi Tetsuji), chief ed. 大漢和辞典 (Dai Kan-Wa Jiten, “Comprehensive Chinese–Japanese Dictionary”). 13 vols. 1955–1960. Revised and enlarged ed. 1984–1986. Tokyo: Taishukan.

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 움직일 (umjigil dong))

    1. Hanja form? of (move).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: động, đụng

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.