動く

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
うご
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Derived as a compound of うご ‎(ugo, a 擬態語 ‎(gitaigo, mimetic word) imitative of something crawling or creeping; compare the sound shapes of roots wrig- or wig- in English wriggle, wiggle) +‎ ‎(ku, verbalizing suffix).[1] Compare also the related adverb うごうご ‎(ugougo, wrigglingly, squirmlingly, creepingly: moving in continuous small increments).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

動く ‎(intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana うごく, romaji ugoku)

  1. to move
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 10, poem #2176), text here:
      秋田苅 (あきたかる)苫手 (とまで) (うごく)奈利 (なり)白露志 (しらつゆし)置穂田無跡 (おくほだなしと)告尓来良思 (つげにきぬらし)
      aki ta karu, tomade ugoku nari, shiratsuyu shi, oku hoda nashi to, tsuge ni kinu rashi
      The autumn-harvest rush-mat shelter moves [in the wind], as if [the wind] has come to tell us that there are no more fields full of ripe and dew-laden grain...
Conjugation[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
いご
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Rare dialectal variation on ugoku above.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

動く ‎(intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana いごく, romaji igoku)

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) to move

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
おご
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Rare dialectal variation on ugoku above.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

動く ‎(intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana おごく, romaji ogoku)

  1. (obsolete) to move

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9