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U+61C2, 懂
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-61C2

[U+61C1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+61C3]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 心廿竹土 (PTHG), four-corner 94014, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 405, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11320
  • Dae Jaweon: page 745, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2353, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+61C2

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms second round simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rdoːŋ, *rdoːŋs
*rdoːŋ, *rdoːŋs
*rdoːŋ, *doːŋ, *tjoŋ
*rdoːŋ
𩪘 *rdoːŋ
*rdoːŋs, *tʰjoŋ
*rdoːŋs, *tʰjoŋ
*tʰoːnʔ, *tʰuːnʔ
*toːŋʔ
*toːŋʔ, *doːŋ
*toːŋʔ
*toːŋʔ
*toːŋs, *tuːŋʔ, *toŋs
*tʰoːŋ, *tʰoːŋʔ, *doːŋ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ
罿 *doːŋ, *tʰjoŋ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ, *tʰjoŋ
*doːŋ, *doŋ
*doːŋʔ
*doːŋs
*toŋs
*toŋs
*tʰoŋ, *tʰoŋs, *tjoŋ
*doŋ, *doŋʔ, *doŋs
*doŋ, *doŋs
*doŋ
*doŋ, *tʰjoŋ
*tjoŋ, *tjoŋ
*tjoŋ
*tjoŋ
*tjoŋʔ, *tjoŋs
*tjoŋʔ
*tjoŋʔ
*tjoŋʔ
*tjoŋʔ, *tʰjoŋʔ
*tjoŋs
*tʰjoŋ
*tʰjoŋs
*djoŋʔ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Zhangzhou, Taiwan:
    • tóng - literary;
    • táng - vernacular (limited, e.g. 懂嚇).
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (1)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tuŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tuŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tuŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /təwŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /tuŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /tuŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tuŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dǒng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17435
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*toːŋʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to understand; to comprehend
        ―  dǒng le.  ―  I see
      /   ―  Tā de huà wǒ tīngdǒng le.  ―  I understand what he said.
    2. to know
      禮貌 / 礼貌  ―  dǒng lǐmào  ―  to have good manners

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (đổng, đỏng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.