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U+61C2, 懂
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-61C2

[U+61C1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+61C3]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 心廿竹土 (PTHG), four-corner 94014, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 405, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11320
  • Dae Jaweon: page 745, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2353, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+61C2

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rdoːŋ, *rdoːŋs
*rdoːŋ, *rdoːŋs
*rdoːŋ, *doːŋ, *tjoŋ
*rdoːŋ
𩪘 *rdoːŋ
*rdoːŋs, *tʰjoŋ
*rdoːŋs, *tʰjoŋ
*tʰoːnʔ, *tʰuːnʔ
*toːŋʔ
*toːŋʔ, *doːŋ
*toːŋʔ
*toːŋʔ
*toːŋs, *tuːŋʔ, *toŋs
*tʰoːŋ, *tʰoːŋʔ, *doːŋ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ
罿 *doːŋ, *tʰjoŋ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ, *tʰjoŋ
*doːŋ, *doŋ
*doːŋʔ
*doːŋs
*toŋs
*toŋs
*tʰoŋ, *tʰoŋs, *tjoŋ
*doŋ, *doŋʔ, *doŋs
*doŋ, *doŋs
*doŋ
*doŋ, *tʰjoŋ
*tjoŋ, *tjoŋ
*tjoŋ
*tjoŋ
*tjoŋʔ, *tjoŋs
*tjoŋʔ
*tjoŋʔ
*tjoŋʔ
*tjoŋʔ, *tʰjoŋʔ
*tjoŋs
*tʰjoŋ
*tʰjoŋs
*djoŋʔ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: tóng - literary, táng - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tuŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tuŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tuŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/təwŋX/
Li
Rong
/tuŋX/
Wang
Li
/tuŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tuŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dǒng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17435
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*toːŋʔ/
Notes

Verb[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) understand, comprehend
      ―  dǒng le.  ―  I see
    /   ―  Tā de huà wǒ tīngdǒng le.  ―  I understand what he said.
  2. to know
    禮貌 / 礼貌  ―  dǒng lǐmào  ―  to have good manners

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đổng, đỏng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.