不明

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Chinese

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not; no
clear; bright; to understand
clear; bright; to understand; next; the Ming dynasty
 
simp. and trad.
(不明)

Pronunciation

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Verb

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不明

  1. (literary) to not understand
  2. (literary) to not be clear; to not be known; to be unknown
    來路不明来路不明  ―  láilù bùmíng  ―  to be of unknown origin
    去向不明  ―  qùxiàng bùmíng  ―  of unclear whereabouts
    不明真相吃瓜群眾 [MSC, trad.]
    不明真相吃瓜群众 [MSC, simp.]
    bùmíng zhēnxiàng de chīguā qúnzhòng [Pinyin]
    the innocent bystanders
    作者不明故事  ―  zuòzhě bùmíng de gùshì  ―  a story of unknown authorship
    血樣來源不明 [MSC, trad.]
    血样来源不明 [MSC, simp.]
    Gāi xuèyàng láiyuán bùmíng. [Pinyin]
    The source of the blood sample is unknown.
    失事原因不明  ―  Shīshì yuányīn bùmíng.  ―  The cause of the crash is not known.
  3. (literary) to not shine
  4. (literary) to be unenlightened; to lack wisdom

Synonyms

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  • (to not understand):

Antonyms

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  • (antonym(s) of to not understand):

Derived terms

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Japanese

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Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
めい
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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()(めい) (fumei-na (adnominal ()(めい) (fumei na), adverbial ()(めい) (fumei ni))

  1. unknown
    Synonym: 不詳 (fushō)
    • 1916, 穂積陳重, 法窓夜話:
      (だい)(いち)に、()(せい)()(ねん)(がつ)()(めい)である。
      Daīchi ni, shi no seishi no nengatsu ga fumei de aru.
      To start with, the dates of his birth and death are unknown.
  2. unclear
    • 1915, 夏目漱石, 硝子戸の中:
      ()(ぶん)この(へん)だろうと(すい)(そく)した(わたし)(けん)(とう)は、(あた)っているのか、(はず)れているのか、それさえ()(めい)であった。
      Tabun kono hen darō to suisoku shita watashi no kentō wa, atatteiru no ka, hazureteiru no ka, sore sae fumei de atta.
      I thought it would be around there, but it was unclear if I was even right about that.
  3. indistinct

Inflection

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Noun

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()(めい) (fumei

  1. uncertainty
  2. ignorance

References

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  1. ^ Hirayama, Teruo, editor (1960), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN

Vietnamese

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chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Adjective

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不明

  1. chữ Hán form of bất minh.