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See also:
U+61C3, 懃
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-61C3

[U+61C2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+61C4]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 廿尸心 (TSP), four-corner 44332, composition)

  1. courteous, cordial
  2. zealous

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 405, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11321
  • Dae Jaweon: page 745, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2358, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+61C3

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krɯːn
*kʰrɯnʔ, *kʰrɯns
*ɡrɯn, *kɯnʔ
*ɡrɯn, *ɡrɯns
𥎊 *ɡrɯn
*ɡrɯns
*ɡrɯns
*ɡrɯns
*ɡrɯns
*ɡrɯns
*ɡrɯns
*ɡrɯns, *ɡɯn, *ɡɯnʔ
*ɡrɯns
*ŋɡrɯn, *ŋɡɯn
*kɯnʔ
槿 *kɯnʔ
*kɯnʔ
*kɯnʔ, *ɡɯn
*ɡɯn
*ɡɯn
*ɡɯn

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (57)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡɨn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨn/
Li
Rong
/ɡiən/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qín
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qín
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjɨn ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ər/
English toil, diligent, devoted

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6752
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡɯn/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(geun) (hangeul , revised geun, McCune-Reischauer kŭn, Yale kun)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.