運動

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See also: 运动

Chinese[edit]

 
to move; to transport; to use; to apply; fortune; luck; fate
 
to move; to change; to use; to act
trad. (運動)
simp. (运动)

Etymology[edit]

Attestable in ancient Chinese texts. For the sense of "sports", wasei kango (和製漢語), orthographically borrowed from Japanese  (うん) (どう) (undō)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (35) (7)
Final () (59) (1)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨunH/ /duŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiunH/ /duŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuənH/ /duŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦunH/ /dəwŋX/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuənH/ /duŋX/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuənH/ /duŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uənH/ /dʱuŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yùn dòng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yùn dòng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjunH › ‹ duwngX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷər-s/ /*[Cə-m-]tˤoŋʔ/
English turn round, move move

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 7341 17449
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢuns/ /*doːŋʔ/

Verb[edit]

運動

  1. to exercise; to move about
  2. to get things done by pulling strings

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

運動

  1. athletics; sports; exercise
  2. (physics) movement; motion
  3. (politics) movement; campaign

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
うん
Grade: 3
どう
Grade: 3
on’yomi

Noun[edit]

運動 (hiragana うんどう, rōmaji undō)

  1. athletics, exercise
  2. (public) movement, drive, campaign
  3. (physics) movement

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

運動する (intransitive, hiragana うんどうする, rōmaji undō suru)

  1. exercise, work out

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

運動 (undong) (hangeul 운동)

  1. Hanja form? of 운동, “exercise; physical activity; sport; movement in general”.