体操

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See also: 體操

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 體操 (“gymnastics”).
(This term, 体操, is the simplified form of 體操.)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 2
そう
Grade: 6
goon on’yomi
Alternative spelling
體操 (kyūjitai)
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Etymology[edit]

Apparently coined in Japanese from Middle Chinese-derived elements, as a compound of (tai, body) +‎ (, control, manipulate). First cited in education-related materials from the early Meiji Period in the early 1870s, as part of educational reforms that included the addition of physical education to school curricula.[1][2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(たい)(そう) (taisōたいさう (taisau)? (kyūjitai 體操)

  1. [from 1873] gymnastics, exercises, calisthenics
    テレビを()ながら体操(たいそう)をする
    terebi o mi nagara taisō o suru
    do exercises while watching TV
  2. [1873 to late 1940s] (archaic, education) physical education, PE (replaced by the term 体育 (taiiku))

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: taiso

Verb[edit]

(たい)(そう)する (taisō suruたいさう (taisau)? suru (stem (たい)(そう) (taisō shi), past (たい)(そう)した (taisō shita), kyūjitai 體操)

  1. do gymnastics, exercises, calisthenics

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 体操”, in 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, Encyclopedia Nipponica)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984
  3. ^ 体操”, in 世界大百科事典 第2版 (Sekai Dai-hyakka Jiten Dainiban, Heibonsha World Encyclopedia Second Edition)[2] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Heibonsha, 1998
  4. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  6. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN