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U+4F53, 体
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F53

[U+4F52]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F54]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional /

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pɯːnʔ
*pɯːnʔ, *bɯːnʔ
*pɯːnʔ
*pʰɯːnʔ
*bɯːnʔ
*poːd
*poːd

In its traditional sense ("inferior") — Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bɯːnʔ): semantic  (person) + phonetic  (OC *pɯːnʔ).

As a simplification of ("body") — Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (person) +  (basis).

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人木一 (ODM), four-corner 25230, composition)

Usage notes[edit]

Readings as traditional 体 (inferior):

  • ban6 (Cantonese), bèn (Mandarin), bun (Korean), or hon (Japanese).

Readings as simplification of 體 (body, group):

  • Cantonese tai2, Mandarin , Korean che, Japanese tei and tai, and Vietnamese thể.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 98, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 509
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 130, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4F53

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. body

Readings[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(Uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji, co-opted for common use, see above)
  1. inferior[1]
  2. rough, rude (same as )[1]

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Kanji in this term
からだ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana からだ, rōmaji karada)

  1. body
  2. health
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (thejX, body).

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana たい, rōmaji -tai)

  1. counter for humanoid objects
    • 2017 March 25, “リンク・スパイダー [Link Spider]”, in STARTERスターター DECKデッキ, Konami:
      つうじょうモンスター1たい
      ①:1ターンに1ぶんメインフェイズにはつどうできる。ふだからレベル4つうじょうモンスター1たいをこのカードのリンクさきとくしゅしょうかんする。
      Tsūjō Monsutā ittai
      ①: Ittān ni ichi-do, jibun Mein Feizu ni hatsudō dekiru. Tefuda kara Reberu 4 ika no Tsūjō Monsutā ittai o kono kādo no Rinku-saki ni Tokushu Shōkansuru.
      1 or more Normal Monsters
      ①: Once per turn, can be activated during your Main Phase. Special Summon 1 Normal Monster of Level 4 or lower from your hand to where this card is linked to.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana たい, rōmaji tai)

  1. body
  2. form
  3. (algebra) field (commutative ring with invertible nonzero elements)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
てい
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana てい, rōmaji tei)

  1. appearance
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 諸橋轍次 (Morohashi Tetsuji), chief ed. 大漢和辞典 (Dai Kan-Wa Jiten, "Comprehensive Chinese–Japanese Dictionary"). 13 vols. 1955–1960. Revised and enlarged ed. 1984–1986. Tokyo: Taishukan.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bun, che)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): , (revised: bun, che, McCune-Reischauer: pun, ch'e, Yale: pun, chey)
    • Name (hangeul): 용렬하다, (revised: yongnyeolhada, mom, McCune-Reischauer: yongnyŏrhada, mom, Yale: yonglyelhada, mom)
  1. mediocre (분)
  2. rough
  3. pallbearer
  4. body (체)
  5. personally
  6. shape
  7. root
  8. formality
  9. matter
  10. object
  11. handwriting
  12. style
  13. experience
  14. get by experience
  15. acknowledge
  16. think
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thể)

  1. body