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U+4F53, 体
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F53

[U+4F52]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F54]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Etymology[edit]

In its traditional sense ("inferior") — Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bɯːnʔ): semantic (person) + phonetic (OC *pɯːnʔ).

As a simplification of ("body") — Ideogrammic compound (會意): (person) + (basis).

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人木一 (ODM), four-corner 25230, composition)

  1. body (as simplification of 體)
  2. group, class, body, unit (as simplification of 體)
  3. inferior (as traditional 体)

Usage notes[edit]

Readings as traditional 体 (inferior):

  • ban6 (Cantonese), bèn (Mandarin), bun (Korean), or hon (Japanese).

Readings as simplification of 體 (body, group):

  • Cantonese tai2, Mandarin , Korean che, Japanese tei and tai, and Vietnamese thể.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 98, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 509
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 130, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4F53

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. body

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
からだ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana からだ, romaji karada)

  1. body
  2. health
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (thejX, body).

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana たい, romaji -tai)

  1. counter for humanoid objects

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana たい, romaji tai)

  1. body
  2. form
  3. (algebra) field (commutative ring with invertible nonzero elements)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
てい
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana てい, romaji tei)

  1. appearance
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bun, che)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: bun, che, McCune-Reischauer: pun, ch'e, Yale: pun, chey)
  • Name (hangeul): 용렬하다,  (revised: yongnyeolhada, mom, McCune-Reischauer: yongnyŏrhada, mom, Yale: yonglyelhada, mom)
  1. mediocre (분)
  2. rough
  3. pallbearer
  4. body (체)
  5. personally
  6. shape
  7. root
  8. formality
  9. matter
  10. object
  11. handwriting
  12. style
  13. experience
  14. get by experience
  15. acknowledge
  16. think
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thể)

  1. body