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See also: , , and 𠇾
U+4F53, 体
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F53

[U+4F52]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F54]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional /体

Alternative forms[edit]

In the historical Chinese dictionary Longkan Shoujian (龍龕手鑑), this character is written in the form of .

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人木一 (ODM), four-corner 25230, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 98, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 509
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 130, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4F53

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (person) + (basis).

Definitions[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“body; part of the body; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bɯːnʔ): semantic (person) + phonetic (OC *pɯːnʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buənX/
Pan
Wuyun
/buonX/
Shao
Rongfen
/buənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bwənX/
Li
Rong
/buənX/
Wang
Li
/buənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bèn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
bun6
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 477
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯːnʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (bèn, “coarse appearance; inferior”).
  2. Used in 体夫 (“pallbearer”).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. name of prison

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. body

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This character was originally an alternative form of as used in Chinese. This usage now appears to be obsolete, at least in Japanese, where and are distinct characters and are not interchangeable. See the Chinese and Japanese entries for further details.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 2
goon
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese (thejX, body).

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(たい) (-tai

  1. counter for humanoid objects
    • 2017 March 25, “リンク・スパイダー [Link Spider]”, in STARTER(スターター) DECK(デッキ), Konami:
      (つう)(じょう)モンスター(いっ)(たい)
      (いち)(いっ)ターンに(いち)()()(ぶん)メインフェイズに(はつ)(どう)できる。()(ふだ)からレベル(よん)()()(つう)(じょう)モンスター(いっ)(たい)をこのカードのリンク(さき)(とく)(しゅ)(しょう)(かん)する。
      Tsūjō Monsutā ittai
      Ichi: Ittān ni ichido, jibun Mein Feizu ni hatsudō dekiru. Tefuda kara Reberu yon ika no Tsūjō Monsutā ittai o kono kādo no Rinku-saki ni Tokushu Shōkansuru.
      1 or more Normal Monsters
      1: Once per turn, can be activated during your Main Phase. Special Summon 1 Normal Monster of Level 4 or lower from your hand to where this card is linked to.

Noun[edit]

(たい) (tai

  1. In general: the body, e.g. of a human or animal
    In particular: the torso excluding the limbs; trunk, abdomen
  2. substance; matter
  3. form; shape
  4. (algebra) field (commutative ring with invertible nonzero elements)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
てい
Grade: 2
kan’on
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(てい) (tei

  1. outward appearance; look; aspect
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
からだ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Alternative spellings
(kyūjitai)

身体
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
からだ
[noun] body
[noun] physique, constitution, frame
[noun] health
Alternative spellings
, , 身体,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC tʰeiX).

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun (mom che))

  1. Alternative form of (Hanja form? of (body).)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC buənX).

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 용렬할 (yongnyeolhal bun))

  1. Alternative form of (Hanja form? of (mediocre; rough).)

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: thể

  1. body

Etymology 2[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: thấy

  1. Alternative form of 𫌠/𧡊 (to see)
References[edit]