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See also: , , and 𠇾
U+4F53, 体
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F53

[U+4F52]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F54]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional /体

Alternative forms[edit]

In the historical Chinese dictionary Longkan Shoujian (龍龕手鑑), this character is written in the form of ⿰.

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人木一 (ODM), four-corner 25230, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 98, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 509
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 130, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4F53

Usage notes[edit]

  • Readings as traditional 体 (coarse; inferior):
    ban6 (Cantonese), bèn (Mandarin), bun (Korean), hon (Japanese).
  • Readings as simplification of 體 (body; group):
    tai2 (Cantonese), (Mandarin), che (Korean), tei or tai (Japanese), thể (Vietnamese).

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (person) +  (basis).

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“body; part of the body; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pɯːnʔ
*pɯːnʔ, *bɯːnʔ
*pɯːnʔ
*pʰɯːnʔ
*bɯːnʔ
*poːd
*poːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bɯːnʔ): semantic  (person) + phonetic  (OC *pɯːnʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buənX/
Pan
Wuyun
/buonX/
Shao
Rongfen
/buənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bwənX/
Li
Rong
/buənX/
Wang
Li
/buənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bèn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 477
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯːnʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (bèn, “coarse appearance; inferior”).
  2. Used in 体夫 (“pallbearer”).
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. name of prison

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji 1[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. body

Readings[edit]

Kanji 2[edit]

(Uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji, co-opted for common use, see above)
  1. inferior[1]
  2. rough, rude (same as )[1]

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Kanji in this term
からだ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana からだ, rōmaji karada)

  1. body
    • 2004 November 9, Sorachi, Hideaki, “だい二十六くん たびにはパンツはわすれてもUNOウノわすれるな [Lesson 26: Never Forget to Bring UNO on a Trip Even If You Might Forget Your Underwear]”, in ぎんたま [Silver Soul], volume 4 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN:
      あー 身体 (からだ) (おも)いし 完全 (かんぜん) (ふつ) () ()いじゃの〰アッハッハッハッハッ
      Ā karada mo omoishi Kanzen ni futsukayoi ja no~Ahhahhahhahha'
      Agh, my body feels all heavy. Must be the hangover〰Ahahahaha
  2. health
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (thejX, body).

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana たい, rōmaji -tai)

  1. counter for humanoid objects
    • 2017 March 25, “リンク・スパイダー [Link Spider]”, in STARTERスターター DECKデッキ, Konami:
      つうじょうモンスター1たい
      ①:1ターンに1ぶんメインフェイズにはつどうできる。ふだからレベル4つうじょうモンスター1たいをこのカードのリンクさきとくしゅしょうかんする。
      Tsūjō Monsutā ittai
      ①: Ittān ni ichi-do, jibun Mein Feizu ni hatsudō dekiru. Tefuda kara Reberu 4 ika no Tsūjō Monsutā ittai o kono kādo no Rinku-saki ni Tokushu Shōkansuru.
      1 or more Normal Monsters
      ①: Once per turn, can be activated during your Main Phase. Special Summon 1 Normal Monster of Level 4 or lower from your hand to where this card is linked to.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana たい, rōmaji tai)

  1. body
  2. form
  3. (algebra) field (commutative ring with invertible nonzero elements)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
てい
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana てい, rōmaji tei)

  1. appearance
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 諸橋轍次 (Morohashi Tetsuji), chief ed. 大漢和辞典 (Dai Kan-Wa Jiten, "Comprehensive Chinese–Japanese Dictionary"). 13 vols. 1955–1960. Revised and enlarged ed. 1984–1986. Tokyo: Taishukan.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 용렬할 (yongnyeolhal bun))

  1. mediocre
  2. rough
  3. pallbearer

Etymology 2[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun (mom che))

  1. body
  2. personally
  3. shape
  4. root
  5. formality
  6. matter
  7. object
  8. handwriting
  9. style
  10. experience
  11. get by experience
  12. acknowledge
  13. think

Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thể)

  1. body

Etymology 2[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thấy)

  1. Alternative form of 𫌠/𧡊 (to see)
References[edit]