からだ

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Japanese[edit]

Alternative spellings

身体

Etymology[edit]

Ultimate derivation somewhat unclear. The initial kara- portion is generally thought to be (kara, shell, husk) in reference to the body as the "shell" in which the soul resides.[1] The exact nature of the final -da suffix is left unexplained.[1][2]

Some sources indicate that karada originally referred more specifically to the sense of corpse, dead body.[3] However, the term is first attested in 950 with the sense of living body, with the dead body sense not attested until the early 1300s.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

からだ (karadaからだ (karada)?

  1. [from 950] body
    • 2004 November 9, Hideaki Sorachi, “(だい)()(じゅう)(ろく)(くん) (たび)にはパンツは(わす)れてもUNO(ウノ)(わす)れるな”, in (ぎん)(たま), volume 4 (fiction), Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN:
      あー 身体(からだ)(おも)いし (かん)(ぜん)(ふつ)()()いじゃの〰アッハッハッハッハッ
      Ā karada mo omoishi Kanzen ni futsukayoi ja no~ ahhahhahhahha'
      Agh, my body feels all heavy. Must be the hangover~ ahahahaha
  2. [from 1884] the state of one's body:
    1. physique, constitution, frame
    2. health

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 体・躰・身体”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. 2.0 2.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ Entry at 語源由来辞典 (Gogen Yurai Jiten, Etymology Derivation Dictionary) (in Japanese)
  4. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN