五月

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Chinese[edit]

five moon; month
simp. and trad.
(五月)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

五月

  1. May
  2. modern name for the fifth month of the Chinese lunar calendar

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
がつ
Grade: 1
goon
Alternative spelling
5月
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Compound of Middle Chinese-derived elements (go, five, fifth) +‎ (gatsu, month).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()(がつ) (gogatsuごぐわつ (gogwatu)?

  1. May
Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
つき
Grade: 1
irregular kun’yomi
Alternative spellings
皐月 (uncommon)
早月 (rare)
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五月 (satsuki): the Japanese azalea, Rhododendron indicum

Explained in some sources[4] as a possible contraction of 早苗月 (sanaezuki, another old name for the month of May). However, the initial sa- element appears in many ancient terms relating to the rice plant,[5] making it more likely that the sa- in satsuki is not a contraction. Some sources[5] thus list satsuki instead as a compound of (sa, ancient word relating to rice, here referring to the planting season) +‎ (tsuki, moon; month).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()(つき) or 五月(サツキ) (satsuki

  1. (archaic) the fifth month of the lunar calendar
    Synonym: 早苗月 (sanaezuki)
  2. (poetic) May
    Synonym: 五月 (gogatsu) (see above)
  3. (botany) Rhododendron indicum, a kind of azalea native to Japan (so named because it usually blooms in May)

Coordinate terms: 睦月, 如月, 弥生, 卯月, 皐月, 水無月, 文月, 葉月, 長月, 神無月, 霜月, 師走

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts (where katakana is customary), as サツキ. When spelled in kanji, the azalea sense may be more often spelled as 皐月.

The term gogatsu is the most common term for the month of May in modern Japanese. The synonyms satsuki and sanaezuki are archaic and may be used in historical or poetic contexts.

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
つき
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

()(つき) (Itsuki

  1. a female given name

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998) NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 Akira Matsumura, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kyōsuke Kindaichi, Tadao Yamada, Takeshi Shibata, Kenji Sakai, Yasuo Kuramochi, and Akio Yamada, editors (1997) 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1984, 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, “Encyclopedia Nipponica”) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, relevant text online here.
  5. 5.0 5.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

五月 (owol) (hangeul 오월)

  1. Hanja form? of 오월 (the fifth month).