師走

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
Grade: 2
on’yomi Irregular

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/sipasu//ɕifasu//ɕiwasu/

Shift from shihasu, ancient sipasu (see below).

The kanji is an example of phonetic ateji (当て字), literally "priests running"; there were traditionally many services for Buddhist priests to attend at this month.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

師走 (hiragana しわす, rōmaji shiwasu, historical hiragana しはす)

  1. (archaic) the twelfth month of the lunar calendar
    • c. 859-985, Kagura Uta, Kodai Kayōshū, in Japanese), page 337, in Japanese), :
      本 乎美名古乃左衣八 末 志毛月志波須乃 加伊古本千[3]
    Synonyms: 限りの月 (kagiri no tsuki), 極まり月 (kiwamarizuki), 極月 (gokugetsu), 果ての月 (hate no tsuki), 臘月 (rōgetsu)
  2. (poetic) the month of preparation for the new year; December
Derived terms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

師走 (hiragana しわす, rōmaji Shiwasu, historical hiragana しはす)

  1. a female given name

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
Grade: 2
on’yomi Irregular

/sipasu//ɕifasu//ɕihasu/

From Old Japanese of unknown derivation.

The final -hasu is thought to be related to the verb 果つ (hatsu, to come to an end). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

師走 (hiragana しはす, rōmaji shihasu)

  1. Same as しわす (shiwasu) above

Coordinate terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ Tsuchihashi, Yutaka; Jin'ichi Konishi, Ichinosuke Takagi (1957) Kodai Kayōshū, Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN