師走

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
(ateji)
は(す) > わ(す)
Grade: 2
(ateji)
on’yomi kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
十二月

/sipasu//ɕifasu//ɕiwasu/

Shift from shihasu, ancient sipasu (see below).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()(わす) (shiwasuしはす (sifasu)?

  1. (archaic) the twelfth month of the lunar calendar
    Synonyms: 限りの月 (kagiri no tsuki), 極まり月 (kiwamarizuki), 極月 (gokugetsu), 果ての月 (hate no tsuki), 臘月 (rōgetsu)
    • c. 859-985, Kagura Uta, Kodai Kayōshū, page 337:
      本 乎美名古乃左衣八 末 志毛月志波須乃 加伊古本千[3]
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
  2. (poetic) the month of preparation for the new year: December
Derived terms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

()(わす) (Shiwasuしはす (sifasu)?

  1. a female given name

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
(ateji)
は(す)
Grade: 2
(ateji)
on’yomi kun’yomi

/sipasu//ɕifasu//ɕihasu/

From Old Japanese of unknown derivation. First appears in the Nihon Shoki of 720 CE.[4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()(はす) (shihasu

  1. Synonym of 師走 (shiwasu)

Coordinate terms[edit]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ Tsuchihashi, Yutaka; Jin'ichi Konishi, Ichinosuke Takagi (1957) Kodai Kayōshū, Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  5. 5.0 5.1 師走”, in 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, Encyclopedia Nipponica)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984
  6. 6.0 6.1 Entry in Gogen-Allguide (in Japanese)
Footnotes
  1. ^ The expected form would be *しはせ (sipase) or *しはし (sipasi), which are not attested. This explanation is already prevalent in the Heian period, appearing in the Iroha Jiruishō of the 1100s.