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See also:
Hiragana letter Zu.svg
U+305A, ず
HIRAGANA LETTER ZU
Composition: [U+3059] + ◌゙ [U+3099]

[U+3059]
Hiragana
[U+305B]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
4 strokes

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [d͡zɨᵝ], [zɨᵝ]

Etymology 1[edit]

The hiragana character (su) with a dakuten ().

Syllable[edit]

(romaji zu)

  1. The hiragana syllable (zu). Its equivalent in katakana is (zu).
See also[edit]
The Hiragana script
か゚ ら゚ わ゙
き゚ 𛀆 り゚ 𛅐ゐ゙
く゚ る゚ 𛄟
け゚ 𛀁 れ゚ 𛅑ゑ゙
こ゚ ろ゚ 𛅒を゙
Additional symbols

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Japanese. Generally considered to be a combination of negation suffix (nu) in its 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of (ni) + honorific suffix (su).[1][2][3]

/nisu/ → */nzu//zu/

Appears both as zu and as the older nisu form in the Man'yōshū poetry anthology.

Suffix[edit]

(-zu

  1. not
    (なに)()
    nani mo shirazu
    not knowing anything
Derived terms[edit]
Conjugation[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

Much as the older negation suffix (nu) and the modern negation suffix ない (nai), (zu) must come after the 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis or incomplete form) of a verb.

The suffix (zu) is more formal than the everyday negation suffix ない (nai).

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
2
[noun] diagram, figure, illustration
4
[noun] (historical) one of the punishments in the ancient Ritsuryō system; penal servitude
2
[noun] head
1
[verb] (obsolete) to go or come out
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above terms.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as ず.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN