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Character U+305A, ず
Name HIRAGANA LETTER ZU
Block Hiragana
Composition (U+3059) +
(U+3099)
[U+3059] [U+305B]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
ず-bw.png

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [zɯᵝ]
  • IPA(key): [d͡zɯᵝ] (only in word-initial position, or in careful speech)

Etymology 1[edit]

The hiragana character ‎(su) with a dakuten ().

Syllable[edit]

‎(romaji zu)

  1. The hiragana syllable ‎(zu). Its equivalent in katakana is ‎(zu).
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Japanese. Generally considered to be a combination of negation suffix ‎(nu) in its 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of ‎(ni) + honorific suffix ‎(su).[1][2][3]

/nisu/*/nzu//zu/

Appears both as zu and as the older nisu form in the Man'yōshū poetry anthology.

Suffix[edit]

‎(romaji -zu)

  1. not
     (なに) ()
    nani mo shirazu
    not knowing anything
Usage notes[edit]

Much as the older negation suffix ‎(nu) and the modern negation suffix ない ‎(nai), (zu) must come after the 未然形 ‎(mizenkei, irrealis or incomplete form) of a verb.

The suffix (zu) is more formal than the everyday negation suffix ない ‎(nai).

Etymology 3[edit]

The reading for various kanji.

Noun[edit]

‎(romaji zu)

  1. : diagram, figure, illustration
  2. : imprisonment for one to three years
  3. : head

Verb[edit]

‎(nidan conjugation, romaji zu)

  1. : (obsolete) come out

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0