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Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai RI.png
U+308A, り



Stroke order
2 strokes


Etymology 1[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.


(romaji ri)

  1. The hiragana syllable (ri). Its equivalent in katakana is (ri). It is the fortieth syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ra-gyō i-dan, row ra, section i).
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]


(rōmaji ri)

  1. :
  2. : profit, advantage
  3. : ri (a unit of length)
  4. : reason, logic
  5. :

Etymology 3[edit]

Considered to be from the contraction of verb 連用形 (-i) + あり (ari), which became -eri.


(rōmaji -ri)

  1. In classical Japanese, follows a verb to indicate continuation, result, or past tense.
    • 1952, 凡例 (usage guide) of the 修訂大日本国語辞典
      撥音 (はつおん)の「ん」は最終 (さいしゆう) ()
      hatsuon no “n” wa saishū ni okeri
      the moraic nasal “ん” has been placed at the end
      今回 (こんくわい)新裝版 (しんさうばん)には (これ)省略 (しやうりやく)
      konkai no shinsōban ni wa kore o shōryaku seri
      they have been omitted in this newly bound edition
Usage notes[edit]

Only used with the STEM-e form of several consonant-stem verb classes (mostly the 已然形/命令形 of 四段 verbs and the 未然形 of サ変 verbs). See also たり (tari), which can be used with all verb classes.