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U+5C65, 履
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C65

[U+5C64]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C66]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 44, +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 尸竹人水 (SHOE), four-corner 77247, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 303, character 41
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7799
  • Dae Jaweon: page 602, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 980, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5C65

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
履-bronze.svg 履-seal.svg 履-bigseal.svg

Shuowen: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  (step) +  (foot) +  ((shoe-shaped) boat). Possibly phono-semantic (形聲), with (OC *hli) functioning as a phonetic component.

Bronze inscriptions: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  (person with prominent head) +  (foot) +  (shoe or (shoe-shaped) boat).

Modern form is a compound of  +  (return).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ly²¹⁴/
Harbin /ly²¹³/
Tianjin /luei¹³/
/ly¹³/
Jinan /li⁵⁵/
Qingdao /li⁴²/
Zhengzhou /li³¹²/
Xi'an /li⁴⁴/
Xining /l̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /ly⁵³/
Lanzhou /li⁴⁴²/
/ly⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ly⁵¹/
Wuhan /ni⁴²/
Chengdu /ny⁵³/
Guiyang /li⁴²/
Kunming /li⁵³/
Nanjing /ly²¹²/
Hefei /zz̩ʷ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /ly⁵³/
Pingyao /li⁵³/
Hohhot /ly⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ly²³/
Suzhou /li³¹/
Hangzhou /li⁵³/
Wenzhou /løy³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ly³⁵/
Tunxi /li³¹/
Xiang Changsha /li⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ni⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /li²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /li³¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /lei²³/
Nanning /ly²⁴/
Hong Kong /lei¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /li⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ly³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ly²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /li⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /li³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/liX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/liX/
Li
Rong
/liX/
Wang
Li
/liX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/liX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lijX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ijʔ/
English tread on; sandal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8603
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*riʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. shoe; footwear
  2. foot
  3. territory
  4. to tread on; to walk on
  5. to put on shoes
  6. to ascend the throne; to assume (a role)
  7. to experience; to undergo
  8. to fulfil; to implement; to carry out
  9. to carry out personally
  10. tenth hexagram of the I Ching

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“shoe”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 鞋子
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan 鞋子
Harbin
Jinan
Muping
Luoyang
Jiedian
Xi'an
Zhengzhou
Xining 鞋鞋
Xuzhou 鞋子
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan 鞋子
Chengdu 鞋子
Guiyang
Liuzhou 鞋子
Yangzhou 鞋子
Nanjing 鞋子
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Shunde
Foshan
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
Taishan
Kaiping
Shaoguan
Yunfu
Yangjiang
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Danzhou
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang 鞋子
Lichuan 鞋仔
Pingxiang 鞋子
Hakka Meixian
Yudu
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu) 鞋仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Senai
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan 鞋巴子
Xinzhou
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Penang
Chaozhou
Johor Bahru
Wenchang
Haikou
Leizhou
Pinghua Nanning
Wu Shanghai 鞋子
Suzhou 鞋子
Hangzhou 鞋子
Wenzhou
Chongming 鞋子
Danyang 鞋子
Jinhua
Ningbo 鞋爿
Xiang Changsha 鞋子
Shuangfeng 鞋子
Loudi 鞋子

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. footwear

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ri) (hangeul , revised ri, McCune–Reischauer ri)

  1. footwear; shoes
  2. to walk on
  3. to tread

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giầy, giày, )

  1. footwear

References[edit]