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U+5C65, 履
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C65

[U+5C64]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C66]
U+F9DF, 履
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9DF

[U+F9DE]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9E0]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 44, +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 尸竹人水 (SHOE), four-corner 77247, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 303, character 41
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7799
  • Dae Jaweon: page 602, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 980, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5C65

Chinese

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trad.
simp. #
alternative forms

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts

In the bronze inscriptions, an ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : + (person with prominent head) + (foot) + (shoe or (shoe-shaped) boat). Possibly (OC *riʔ) is also phono-semantic (形聲形声) with phonetic component (OC *mril).

According to Shuowen, ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : + (road) + (foot) + ((shoe-shaped) boat). Possibly phono-semantic (形聲形声) , with (OC *hli) functioning as a phonetic component corrupted from (OC *mril). Comparing Qin bamboo slip script, Shuowen seal's was corrupted from , and Qin's 自 was simplified from .

Modern form is a compound of + (return).

Pronunciation

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  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ly²¹⁴/
Harbin /ly²¹³/
Tianjin /luei¹³/
/ly¹³/
Jinan /li⁵⁵/
Qingdao /li⁴²/
Zhengzhou /li³¹²/
Xi'an /li⁴⁴/
Xining /l̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /ly⁵³/
Lanzhou /li⁴⁴²/
/ly⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ly⁵¹/
Wuhan /ni⁴²/
Chengdu /ny⁵³/
Guiyang /li⁴²/
Kunming /li⁵³/
Nanjing /ly²¹²/
Hefei /zz̩ʷ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /ly⁵³/
Pingyao /li⁵³/
Hohhot /ly⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ly²³/
Suzhou /li³¹/
Hangzhou /li⁵³/
Wenzhou /løy³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ly³⁵/
Tunxi /li³¹/
Xiang Changsha /li⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ni⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /li²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /li³¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /lei²³/
Nanning /ly²⁴/
Hong Kong /lei¹³/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /li⁵³/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /ly³²/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /ly²¹/
Shantou (Teochew) /li⁵³/
Haikou (Hainanese) /li³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter lijX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/liX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/liX/
Li
Rong
/liX/
Wang
Li
/liX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/liX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
lei5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lijX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ijʔ/
English tread on; sandal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8603
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*riʔ/
Notes

Definitions

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  1. shoe; footwear
  2. foot
  3. territory
  4. to tread on; to walk on
  5. to put on shoes
  6. to ascend the throne; to assume (a role)
  7. to experience; to undergo
  8. to fulfil; to implement; to carry out
  9. to carry out personally
  10. tenth hexagram of the I Ching

Synonyms

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Compounds

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References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(Jōyō kanji)

  1. footwear

Readings

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Compounds

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Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun (sin ri), word-initial (South Korea) (sin i))

  1. Hanja form? of / (footwear, shoes).
  2. Hanja form? of / (walk on).
  3. Hanja form? of / (tread).

Compounds

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Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: giầy, giày,

  1. footwear

References

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