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U+5175, 兵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5175

[U+5174]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5176]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 12 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人一金 (OMC), four-corner 72801, composition)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
兵-oracle.svg 兵-bronze.svg 兵-seal.svg 兵-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*praːŋ, *praːŋʔ
*praːŋ
*praŋ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (a short axe ()) +  (2 hands) – a pair of hands holding a weapon.

Derivatives: (pīng), (pāng).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • peng - literary;
  • piaⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /piŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /piŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /piŋ²¹/
    Jinan /piŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /piŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /piŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /piŋ²¹/
    Xining /piə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /piŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /pĩn³¹/
    Ürümqi /piŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /pin⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /pin⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /pin⁵⁵/
    Kunming /pĩ/
    Nanjing /pin³¹/
    Hefei /pin²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /piəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /piŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /pĩŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /piŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /pin⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /pin³³/
    Wenzhou /peŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /piʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /pɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /pin³³/
    Xiangtan /pin³³/
    Gan Nanchang /pin⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /pin⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /pin²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /peŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /peŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /piŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /piŋ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /peiŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /piã³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbeŋ²³/
    /ʔbia²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (111)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pˠiæŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pᵚiaŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /piaŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /piajŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /piɐŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /pĭɐŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pi̯ɐŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    bīng
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    bīng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pjæng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*praŋ/
    English weapon

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 865
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*praŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. weapons
    2. army; troops
    3. soldier
        ―  shìbīng  ―  soldier
    4. warfare
    5. (Chinese chess) pawn; private; soldier (on the red side)

    Coordinate terms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana へい, rōmaji hei)

    1. a soldier
    2. a war machine; a weapon
    3. a war
    4. a soldier, but not officer; private; corporal; lance corporal

    (hiragana つわもの, rōmaji tsuwamono)

    1. a war machine; a weapon
    2. military ration
    3. a brave and strong warrior
    4. a stubborn person

    (hiragana ひょう, rōmaji hyō)

    1. another name for (ふ, fu) in shogi

    Synonyms[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (byeong) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (binh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]