走狗

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Chinese[edit]

 
to walk; to go; to move; to leave
dog
simp. and trad.
(走狗)
Literally: “running dog”.
Wikipedia has articles on:
走狗 (Written Standard Chinese?)
Running dog (English)

Etymology[edit]

Attestable in pre-Qin texts in the "hunting dog" sense.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
Initial () (13) (13) (28)
Final () (137) (137) (137)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () I I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡səuX/ /t͡səuH/ /kəuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡səuX/ /t͡səuH/ /kəuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡səuX/ /t͡səuH/ /kəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡səwX/ /t͡səwH/ /kəwX/
Li
Rong
/t͡suX/ /t͡suH/ /kuX/
Wang
Li
/t͡səuX/ /t͡səuH/ /kəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sə̯uX/ /t͡sə̯uH/ /kə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zǒu zòu gǒu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.kˤroʔ/
English dog

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
No. 17906 17907 7068
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsoːʔ/ /*ʔsoːs/ /*koːʔ/

Noun[edit]

走狗

  1. (literary) hunting dog; hound
  2. (literary, historical) dog racing game in ancient times
  3. (figuratively, politics, pejorative) running dog; lackey; cat's paw; person subservient to counterrevolutionary or evil interests
    資本家走狗 / 资本家走狗  ―  zīběnjiā de zǒugǒu  ―  running dog of capitalists
  4. (literary, humble) self-deprecating form of address for oneself; the servant me; I, the follower

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

走狗

  1. (literary) to make a dog hunt or run

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 文若愚 (2014) 语言常识全知道, 中国华侨出版社

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
そう
Grade: 2

Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Noun[edit]

走狗 (hiragana そうく, rōmaji sōku)

  1. hound
  2. a tool of another person, cat's paw
    • 1929, 小林多喜二, 不在地主:
      警察 (けいさつ) () ()にも君等 (きみら) () (とお)り、 () (ほん) () (そう) ()だ。
      Keisatsu wa ika ni mo kimi-ra no iu-tōri, shihonka no sōku da.
      Like you all said, those police are nothing more than capitalist tools.