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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 人土 (OG), four-corner 24210, composition)

  1. (noun) official
  2. serve in government

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 92, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 368
  • Dae Jaweon: page 195, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 112, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4ED5

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (仕), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 崇 (20)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 鉏里切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɨX/ /ɖ͡ʐʱiX/ /d͡ʒiəX/ /ɖ͡ʐɨX/ /ɖ͡ʐɨX/ /d͡ʒĭəX/ /d͡ʒieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shì ‹ dzriX › /*[m-s-]rəʔ/ serve

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11512 0 /*zrɯʔ/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 仕える (tsukaeru): serve, work for, attend
  • 仕方 (shikata): way, method, means
  • 仕草 (shigusa): action, acting, gesture
  • 仕事 (shigoto): work, job, business
  • 仕手 (shite): doer, performer
  • 仕様 (shiyō): way, method, means
  • 仕業 (shiwaza): deed, act, action
  • 仕上げ (shiage): end, finishing touches
  • 仕入れ (shiire): stocking, buying up
  • 仕打ち (shiuchi): treatment, behavior, action
  • 仕送り (shiokuri): allowance, remittance
  • 仕掛け (shikake): device, contrivance, trick
  • 仕切り (shikiri): partition, division, boundary
  • 仕切る (shikiru): partition, divide, mark off
  • 仕組み (shikumi): structure, construction, arrangement
  • 仕込み (shikomi): training, stocking up
  • 仕立て (shitate): tailoring, dressmaking, sewing
  • 仕舞う (shimau): finish, do something completely
  • 仕事中 (shigotochū): at work, working
  • 仕事場 (shigotoba): place where one works

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. official, civil service
    • 致す
      をいたす
      shi o itasu
      to resign from public office

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, sải, sảy, sãi, sẻ, sễ, sẽ, , sẩy, , sõi, sỡi, xảy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]