仕える

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 3

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese root verb つく (tsuku, to stick at/into/onto/to) → by extension, "to obey a person, to take a job, to serve a purpose".

Incomplete stem つか (tsuka) + auxiliary verb (fu, repetition, ongoing state) (becoming verb ending (u) in modern Japanese) → つかう (tsukau, to use).

Conjugation into potential form → つかえる (tsukaeru, to be capable of being used; to be useful).

Verb[edit]

仕える (intransitive, ichidan conjugation, hiragana つかえる, romaji tsukaeru, historical hiragana つかへる)

  1. to serve, serve under, take service under
  2. to enter public service

Usage notes[edit]

Unlike the English verb serve, which can take the object of service as a grammatical object, 仕える is always intransitive, and takes the particle (ni) to specify the person, goal, etc. being served. From the etymology and grammar, a more idiomatic translation into English might be "to be useful to someone", where the bold "to" corresponds to the particle in the Japanese. Note that this grammatical correspondence may disappear in a more idiomatic translation.

Examples:

  •  (もっと) (たか)目的 (もくてき) (つか)える
    motto mo takai mokuteki ni tsukaeru
    to be useful to the highest purpose → to serve the highest purpose
  • この数年間 (すうねんかん)父母 (ちちはは) (つか)えている。
    Kono sūnenkan, chichihaha ni tsukaeteiru.
    I have been being useful to my parents for several years now. → I have been taking care of my parents for several years now.

Conjugation[edit]

Phrases[edit]

Idioms[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]