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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
炮-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 火心口山 (FPRU), four-corner 97812, composition)

  1. large gun, cannon
  2. artillery

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 668, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18954
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1078, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2196, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+70AE

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰɑu⁵¹/
Harbin /pʰau⁵³/
Tianjin /pʰɑu⁵³/
Jinan /pʰɔ²¹/
Qingdao /pʰɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰau³¹²/
Xi'an /pʰau⁴⁴/
Xining /pʰɔ²¹³/
Yinchuan /pʰɔ¹³/
Lanzhou /pʰɔ¹³/
Ürümqi /pʰɔ²¹³/
Wuhan /pʰau³⁵/
Chengdu /pʰau¹³/
Guiyang /pʰao²¹³/
Kunming /pʰɔ²¹²/
Nanjing /pʰɔo⁴⁴/
Hefei /pʰɔ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰau⁴⁵/
Pingyao /pʰɔ³⁵/
Hohhot /pʰɔ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /pʰɔ³⁵/
Suzhou /pʰæ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /pʰɔ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /pʰuɔ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /pʰɔ³²⁴/
/pʰo³²⁴/
Tunxi /pʰo⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /pʰau⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /pʰaɯ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /pʰɑu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /pʰau⁵³/
Taoyuan /pʰɑu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰau³³/
Nanning /pʰau³³/
Hong Kong /pʰau³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰau²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰɑu²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰau³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰau²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fau³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (3)
Final: (90)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: páo
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/bɣau/ /bɯau/ /bau/ /baɨw/ /bau/ /bau/ /bʱau/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (2)
Final: (90)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: pào
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰɣauH/ /pʰɯauH/ /pʰauH/ /pʰaɨwH/ /pʰauH/ /pʰauH/ /pʰauH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
280 1 /*pʰruːs/
286 1 /*bruː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. sear
  2. roast, burn

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(po) (hangeul , revised po, McCune-Reischauer p'o, Yale pho)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(pháo, than, bác, bào)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.