Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:
U+70AE, 炮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-70AE

[U+70AD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+70AF]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 火心口山 (FPRU), four-corner 97812, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 668, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18954
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1078, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2196, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+70AE

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.
砲 – “cannon; firecracker”

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
炮-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*buː
*buː, *buːs
*buː
*buːʔ
*buːs, *mɯnʔ
*buːs
*pruː
*pruː
*pruː, *pʰruː
*pruː
*pruː, *bu, *bu
*pruːʔ
*pʰruː, *m̥ʰruːs, *bruː
*pʰruːs, *bruː
*pʰruːs, *bruːs
*pʰruːs, *bruːs
*bruː, *bruːɡ
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː, *bruːs
*bruː, *bruːɡ
*bruː, *pʰruːɡ
*bruː, *bruːʔ, *bruːs, *pʰruːɡ
*bruːʔ
*bruːʔ, *bruːs, *bruːɡ, *pʰoːɡ
*bu
*bruːɡ
*bruːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pʰruːs, *bruː): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *pruː).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰɑu⁵¹/
Harbin /pʰau⁵³/
Tianjin /pʰɑu⁵³/
Jinan /pʰɔ²¹/
Qingdao /pʰɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰau³¹²/
Xi'an /pʰau⁴⁴/
Xining /pʰɔ²¹³/
Yinchuan /pʰɔ¹³/
Lanzhou /pʰɔ¹³/
Ürümqi /pʰɔ²¹³/
Wuhan /pʰau³⁵/
Chengdu /pʰau¹³/
Guiyang /pʰao²¹³/
Kunming /pʰɔ²¹²/
Nanjing /pʰɔo⁴⁴/
Hefei /pʰɔ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰau⁴⁵/
Pingyao /pʰɔ³⁵/
Hohhot /pʰɔ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /pʰɔ³⁵/
Suzhou /pʰæ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /pʰɔ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /pʰuɔ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /pʰɔ³²⁴/
/pʰo³²⁴/
Tunxi /pʰo⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /pʰau⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /pʰaɯ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /pʰɑu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /pʰau⁵³/
Taoyuan /pʰɑu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰau³³/
Nanning /pʰau³³/
Hong Kong /pʰau³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰau²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰɑu²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰau³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰau²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fau³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (2)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰˠauH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰᵚauH/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰauH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰaɨwH/
Li
Rong
/pʰauH/
Wang
Li
/pʰauH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰauH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pào
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 280
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰruːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. large gun; cannon; artillery
  2. firecracker
  3. (Chinese chess) cannon (usually on the red side but in some sets on both sides). (for the same piece on the black side an alternative character is often used)
Coordinate terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (3)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bˠau/
Pan
Wuyun
/bᵚau/
Shao
Rongfen
/bau/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/baɨw/
Li
Rong
/bau/
Wang
Li
/bau/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱau/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
páo
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 286
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bruː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (historical) to wrap hirsute meat with mud and roast it on fire
  2. (by extension) to roast; to burn
  3. (traditional Chinese medicine) to prepare herbal medicine by roasting or parching
  4. Alternative form of (páo, “chef”).

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (cooking) to quick-fry (meat)
  2. to dry by heat

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. sear
  2. roast, burn

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(po) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(pháo, than, bác, bào)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.