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See also:
U+69CD, 槍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-69CD

[U+69CC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+69CE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 木人戈口 (DOIR), four-corner 48967, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 546, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15319
  • Dae Jaweon: page 934, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1266, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+69CD

Chinese[edit]

Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Classical)
  • (Wu)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
槍-seal.svg 槍-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰaŋ, *sʰraːŋ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *sʰaːŋ).

Etymology 1[edit]

trad. /*
simp.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chhiong/chhiang - literary;
  • chhiuⁿ/chhioⁿ - vernacular.
Note:
  • cion1 - Shantou;
  • ciên1 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (14)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sʰɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡sʰiɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sʰiɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sʰɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡sʰiaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sʰĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡sʰi̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qiāng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 1132
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sʰaŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (historical) spear; lance; pike
    2. gun; firearm; shooter (Classifier: m;  m c;  m c)
    3. Classifier for gunshots.
      好多 [Cantonese, trad.]
      好多 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Keoi5 zung1 zo2 gei2 coeng1, lau4 zo2 hou2 do1 hyut3. [Jyutping]
      He was shot a few times and bled a lot.
    4. to collide
    5. A surname​.
    Synonyms[edit]
    See also[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Korean: (, chang)
    • Vietnamese: thương ()

    Etymology 2[edit]

    trad.
    simp.

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (19)
    Final () (109)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃʰˠæŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚaŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃʰaŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃʰɐŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃʰɐŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂʰɐŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chēng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 1147
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sʰraːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 欃槍欃枪 (chánchēng, “comet”).

    Etymology 3[edit]

    trad.
    simp.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Etymology 4[edit]

    trad.
    simp.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Hokkien) Alternative form of (“gun; firearm”).

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. spear, lance
    2. javelin

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    やり
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 遣る (yaru, to do, execute → to kill). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (やり) (yari

    1. (weaponry) a spear, lance
    2. (shogi) common name for the 香車 (kyōsha, lance)
    3. a javelin (throwing spear used in athletics)
    4. (archaic) jeering

    Derived terms[edit]

    Idioms[edit]

    See also[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (やり) (Yari

    1. a surname​.

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (chang, jaeng) (hangeul , )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thương, sang)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.