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See also:
U+69CD, 槍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-69CD

[U+69CC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+69CE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 木人戈口 (DOIR), four-corner 48967, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 546, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15319
  • Dae Jaweon: page 934, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1266, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+69CD

Chinese[edit]

trad. /*
simp.
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Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
槍-seal.svg 槍-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰaːŋ
*sʰaːŋ
*sʰaːŋ, *sʰaːŋʔ
*sʰaːŋ, *sʰraŋs
*sʰaːŋ, *zraːŋ
*sʰaːŋ
*sʰaːŋ
*sʰaŋ, *sʰraːŋ
*sʰaŋ, *sʰaŋʔ, *sʰraŋʔ
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋs
*sʰraŋ, *sʰraŋs
*sʰraŋ
*sʰraŋʔ, *sʰraŋs
*sʰraːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰaŋ, *sʰraːŋ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *sʰaːŋ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • chhiong/chhiang - literary;
  • chhiuⁿ/chhioⁿ - vernacular;
  • chhèng - 銃 is used.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (14) (19)
Final () (105) (109)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɨɐŋ/ /t͡ʃʰˠæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰiɐŋ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiɑŋ/ /t͡ʃʰaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰɨaŋ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiaŋ/ /t͡ʃʰɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭaŋ/ /t͡ʃʰɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯aŋ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiāng chēng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1132 1147
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰaŋ/ /*sʰraːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (historical) spear; lance; pike
  2. gun; firearm; shooter
  3. Classifier for gunshots.
  4. A surname​.
See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 欃槍欃枪 (“comet”).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. spear, lance
  2. javelin

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
やり
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 遣る (yaru, to do, execute → to kill). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana やり, rōmaji yari)

  1. (weaponry) a spear, lance
  2. (shogi) common name for the 香車 (kyōsha, lance)
  3. a javelin (throwing spear used in athletics)
  4. (archaic) jeering

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana やり, rōmaji Yari)

  1. a surname​.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chang, jaeng) (hangeul , , revised chang, jaeng, McCune-Reischauer ch'ang, chaeng, Yale chang, cayng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thương, sang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.