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See also:
U+69CD, 槍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-69CD

[U+69CC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+69CE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 木人戈口 (DOIR), four-corner 48967, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 546, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15319
  • Dae Jaweon: page 934, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1266, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+69CD

Chinese[edit]

trad. /*
simp.
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Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
槍-seal.svg 槍-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰaːŋ
*sʰaːŋ
*sʰaːŋ, *sʰaːŋʔ
*sʰaːŋ, *sʰraŋs
*sʰaːŋ, *zraːŋ
*sʰaːŋ
*sʰaːŋ
*sʰaŋ, *sʰraːŋ
*sʰaŋ, *sʰaŋʔ, *sʰraŋʔ
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋs
*sʰraŋ, *sʰraŋs
*sʰraŋ
*sʰraŋʔ, *sʰraŋs
*sʰraːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰaŋ, *sʰraːŋ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *sʰaːŋ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • chhiong/chhiang - literary;
  • chhiuⁿ/chhioⁿ - vernacular;
  • chhèng - 銃 is used.
Note:
  • cion1 - Shantou;
  • ciên1 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (14) (19)
    Final () (105) (109)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sʰɨɐŋ/ /t͡ʃʰˠæŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡sʰiɐŋ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚaŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sʰiɑŋ/ /t͡ʃʰaŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sʰɨaŋ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡sʰiaŋ/ /t͡ʃʰɐŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sʰĭaŋ/ /t͡ʃʰɐŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡sʰi̯aŋ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɐŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qiāng chēng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 1132 1147
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sʰaŋ/ /*sʰraːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (historical) spear; lance; pike
    2. gun; firearm; shooter
    3. Classifier for gunshots.
    4. A surname​.
    See also[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 欃槍欃枪 (“comet”).

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. spear, lance
    2. javelin

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    やり
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 遣る (yaru, to do, execute → to kill). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana やり, rōmaji yari)

    1. (weaponry) a spear, lance
    2. (shogi) common name for the 香車 (kyōsha, lance)
    3. a javelin (throwing spear used in athletics)
    4. (archaic) jeering

    Derived terms[edit]

    Idioms[edit]

    See also[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana やり, rōmaji Yari)

    1. a surname​.

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (chang, jaeng) (hangeul , , revised chang, jaeng, McCune–Reischauer ch'ang, chaeng, Yale chang, cayng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thương, sang)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.