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See also:
U+5009, 倉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5009

[U+5008]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+500A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人戈日口 (OIAR) or 人一日口 (OMAR), four-corner 80607, composition⿸⿴(G) or ⿱⿸⿴(HTJKV))

  1. Shuowen Jiezi radical №183

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Chinese Wikisource has digitized text of the Kangxi Dictionary entry for :

Wikisource


  • KangXi: page 107, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 756
  • Dae Jaweon: page 227, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 169, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5009

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Odd character Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
倉-oracle.svg 倉-bronze.svg ACC-b08055.svg 倉-silk.svg 倉-slip.svg ACC-s03775.svg 倉-seal.svg 倉-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (food) + (house).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: chhng - vernacular, chhong - literary.
Note: cang1 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɑŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰɑŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰaŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰɑŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰɑŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰɑŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cāng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cāng cāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshang › ‹ tshang ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s.r̥]ˁaŋ/ /*tsʰˁaŋ/
English tshang-kæng "oriole" granary

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1125
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰaːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. granary
  2. (trading) position
  3. Alternative form of (cāng).
  4. Alternative form of (cāng).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(くら) (kura

Kanji in this term
くら
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
  1. Alternative form of

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡sʰɑŋ). Recorded as Middle Korean 차ᇰ (Yale: chang) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (granary; warehouse; etc.):
  • (in 창졸 (倉卒, changjol)):
    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [t͡ɕʰa̠ːŋ]
    • Phonetic hangeul: [ː]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 곳집 (gotjip chang))

  1. Hanja form? of (granary).
  2. Hanja form? of (warehouse; storage).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: thương, thưng, thơng

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.