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See also: 𫝍 and
U+5CA1, 岡
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5CA1

[U+5CA0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5CA2]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 46, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月廿山 (BTU), four-corner 77220, composition 𦉰)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 308, character 39
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7962
  • Dae Jaweon: page 608, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 100, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+5CA1

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *klaːŋ) : phonetic (OC *mlaŋʔ) + semantic (mountain).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-gaŋ (hill, ridge, mountain) (STEDT, Schuessler, 2007), cognate with Tibetan སྒང་ (sgang, ridge; mound), Burmese ခင် (hkang, ridge), Burmese ခေါင် (a.hkaung, summit), Lahu qhɔ³³ (mountain), Sulung gɹaŋ³³ (mountain), Proto-Tamangic *ᴬgaŋ ("hill, mountain").

STEDT also proposes cognacy with (OC *kraŋ, “artificial mound, capital”) and (OC *ɡraŋ, “whale”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: geng1 - used in 黃岡.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter kang
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaŋ/
Li
Rong
/kɑŋ/
Wang
Li
/kɑŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gāng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gong1
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3711
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*klaːŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. ridge or crest of a mountain
  2. mountain; hill

Compounds[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. hill

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
おか
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
おか
[noun] hill
[proper noun] a surname
[noun] [from 1310] land, ground (as opposed to the sea or other bodies of water)
[noun] [from 1708] the bathing area next to an お風呂 (ofuro, traditional Japanese soaking tub), often raised relative to the tub basin
[noun] [from 1873] the raised portion of a (suzuri, inkstone) where one grinds the stick of India ink (as opposed to the (ike, literally pond) or (umi, literally sea), the small depressed basin area where one pours in the water)
Alternative spellings
,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling (only in proper nouns) of the above term.)

Korean[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC kang). Recorded as Middle Korean /가ᇰ (kang) (Yale: kang) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 산등성이 (sandeungseong'i gang))

  1. Hanja form? of (hill).

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]
  • Supreme Court of the Republic of Korea (대한민국 대법원, Daehanmin'guk Daebeobwon) (2018). Table of hanja for personal names (인명용 한자표 / 人名用漢字表, Inmyeong-yong hanja-pyo), page 1. [2]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: cương

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.