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See also: 𫝍 and
U+5CA1, 岡
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5CA1

[U+5CA0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5CA2]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 46, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月廿山 (BTU), four-corner 77220, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 308, character 39
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7962
  • Dae Jaweon: page 608, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 100, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+5CA1

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *klaːŋ): phonetic (OC *mlaŋʔ) + semantic (mountain).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-gaŋ (hill, ridge, mountain) (STEDT, Schuessler, 2007), cognate with Tibetan སྒང༌ (sgang, ridge; mound), Burmese ခင် (hkang, ridge), Burmese ခေါင် (a.hkaung, summit), Lahu qhɔ³³ (mountain), Sulung gɹaŋ³³ (mountain), Proto-Tamangic *ᴬgaŋ ("hill, mountain").

STEDT also proposes cognacy with (OC *kraŋ, “artificial mound, capital”) and (OC *ɡraŋ, “whale”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: geng1 - used in 黃岡.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaŋ/
Li
Rong
/kɑŋ/
Wang
Li
/kɑŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gāng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gong1
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3711
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*klaːŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. ridge or crest of a mountain
  2. mountain; hill

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. hill

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC kɑŋ). Recorded as Middle Korean /가ᇰ (Yale: kang) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 산등성이 (sandeungseong-i gang))

  1. Hanja form? of (hill).

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]
  • Supreme Court of the Republic of Korea (대한민국 대법원, Daehanmin-guk daebeobwon) (2018). Table of hanja for personal names (인명용 한자표 / 人名用漢字表, inmyeong-yonghanjapyo), page 1. [2]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: cương

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