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See also:
U+92FC, 鋼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-92FC

[U+92FB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+92FD]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +8, 16 strokes, cangjie input 金月廿山 (CBTU), four-corner 87120, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1309, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40509
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1810, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4220, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+92FC

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms
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Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*klaːŋ
*klaːŋ
*klaːŋ
*klaːŋ, *klaːŋs
*klaːŋ, *klaːŋs
*klaːŋ
*klaːŋ
*klaːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *klaːŋ, *klaːŋs): semantic  (metal) + phonetic  (OC *klaːŋ).

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with (OC *klaːŋ, “hard; firm”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • kǹg - vernacular;
  • kòng/kong - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (101) (101)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑŋ/ /kɑŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑŋ/ /kɑŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑŋ/ /kɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaŋ/ /kaŋH/
Li
Rong
/kɑŋ/ /kɑŋH/
Wang
Li
/kɑŋ/ /kɑŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑŋ/ /kɑŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gāng gàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kang ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.kˤaŋ/
English cast iron; steel

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 3715 3719
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*klaːŋ/ /*klaːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (chemistry) steel

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (tiě, “iron”)

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. hard; strong; tough
  2. to sharpen; to whet; to strop

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Kanji in this term
はがね
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

(ha, blade) +‎ (kane, metal)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はがね, rōmaji hagane)

  1. steel (metal produced from iron)
     (はがね)のように (かた)い。
    Hagane no yō ni katai.
    Hard as steel.

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gang) (hangeul , revised gang, McCune-Reischauer kang, Yale kang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cương, gang, cang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.