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See also:
U+92FC, 鋼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-92FC

[U+92FB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+92FD]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +8, 16 strokes, cangjie input 金月廿山 (CBTU), four-corner 87120, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1309, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40509
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1810, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4220, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+92FC

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms
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Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*klaːŋ
*klaːŋ
*klaːŋ
*klaːŋ, *klaːŋs
*klaːŋ, *klaːŋs
*klaːŋ
*klaːŋ
*klaːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *klaːŋ, *klaːŋs): semantic  (metal) + phonetic  (OC *klaːŋ).

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with (OC *klaːŋ, “hard; firm”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • kǹg - vernacular;
  • kòng/kong - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (28) (28)
    Final () (101) (101)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () I I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɑŋ/ /kɑŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kɑŋ/ /kɑŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɑŋ/ /kɑŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaŋ/ /kaŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɑŋ/ /kɑŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɑŋ/ /kɑŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɑŋ/ /kɑŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    gāng gàng
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    gāng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.kˤaŋ/
    English cast iron; steel

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 3715 3719
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*klaːŋ/ /*klaːŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (chemistry) steel

    Compounds[edit]

    See also[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. hard; strong; tough
    2. to sharpen; to whet; to strop

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    はがね
    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi

    Etymology[edit]

    (ha, blade) +‎ (kane, metal)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana はがね, rōmaji hagane)

    1. steel (metal produced from iron)
       (はがね)のように (かた)い。
      Hagane no yō ni katai.
      Hard as steel.

    Synonyms[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gang) (hangeul , revised gang, McCune-Reischauer kang, Yale kang)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (cương, gang, cang)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.