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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(knife)

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 月山中弓 (BULN), four-corner 72200, composition)

  1. hard, tough, rigid, strong

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 141, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2042
  • Dae Jaweon: page 320, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 344, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+525B

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (剛), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 唐
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古郎切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑŋ/ /kɑŋ/ /kɑŋ/ /kɑŋ/ /kaŋ/ /kɑŋ/ /kɑŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gāng ‹ kang › /*kˤaŋ/ strong; hard

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3713 0 /*klaːŋ/

Adjective[edit]

  1. firm; strong; hard
    性格結合 [MSC, trad.]
    性格结合 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā de xìnggé shì gāng yǔ róu de jiéhé. [Pinyin]
    His character is a combination of strength and kindness.

Adverb[edit]

  1. just; exactly
    /   ―  gānghǎo  ―  just, exactly
  2. only a short while ago, just
    /   ―  gāngcái  ―  just now, a moment ago
    /   ―  gānggāng  ―  just now, only
    回來 [MSC, trad.]
    回来 [MSC, simp.]
    gāng huílái. [Pinyin]
    He has just come back.
  3. barely, just
    1000工資吃飯 [MSC, trad.]
    1000工资吃饭 [MSC, simp.]
    Yī ge yuè 1000 yuán de gōngzī, gāng gòu tā chīfàn. [Pinyin]
    He earn 1000 yuan a month, barely enough for food.
  4. as soon as; only at this moment
    做完工作 [MSC, trad.]
    做完工作 [MSC, simp.]
    gāng zuòwán gōngzuò, líng jiù xiǎng le [Pinyin]
    The moment he finished his work, bell rang.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana たけし, romaji Takeshi)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana つよし, romaji Tsuyoshi)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana ごう, romaji )

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gang) (hangeul , revised gang, McCune-Reischauer kang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cương, cang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.