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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *klaːŋ): phonetic  ‎(OC *klaːŋ) + semantic  ‎(knife)

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 月山中弓 (BULN), four-corner 72200, composition)

  1. hard, tough, rigid, strong

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 141, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2042
  • Dae Jaweon: page 320, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 344, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+525B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaŋ/
Li
Rong
/kɑŋ/
Wang
Li
/kɑŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gāng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kang ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤaŋ/
English strong; hard

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3713
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*klaːŋ/

Adjective[edit]

  1. firm; strong; hard
    性格結合 [MSC, trad.]
    性格结合 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā de xìnggé shì gāng yǔ róu de jiéhé. [Pinyin]
    His character is a combination of strength and kindness.

Adverb[edit]

  1. just; exactly
    /   ―  gānghǎo  ―  just, exactly
  2. only a short while ago, just
    /   ―  gāngcái  ―  just now, a moment ago
    剛剛 / 刚刚  ―  gānggāng  ―  just now, only
    回來 / 回来  ―  gāng huílái.  ―  He has just come back.
  3. barely, just
    1000工資吃飯 [MSC, trad.]
    1000工资吃饭 [MSC, simp.]
    Yī ge yuè 1000 yuán de gōngzī, gāng gòu tā chīfàn. [Pinyin]
    He earn 1000 yuan a month, barely enough for food.
  4. as soon as; only at this moment
    做完工作 [MSC, trad.]
    做完工作 [MSC, simp.]
    gāng zuòwán gōngzuò, líng jiù xiǎng le [Pinyin]
    The moment he finished his work, bell rang.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. sturdy

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana たけし, romaji Takeshi)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana つよし, romaji Tsuyoshi)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana ごう, romaji )

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gang) (hangeul , revised gang, McCune-Reischauer kang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cương, cang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.