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U+67D4, 柔
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-67D4

[U+67D3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+67D5]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 弓竹木 (NHD), four-corner 17904, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 519, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14622
  • Dae Jaweon: page 907, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1192, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+67D4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*muː, *mu
*muːʔ, *moːɡ
*ml'uː, *mljiwʔ, *ml'us
*mruː
*mruː, *muːŋ
*mruː, *mu, *mo, *moɡs
*mruː
*moːɡs, *mroːɡ
*moːɡs
*mus
*mus, *mu, *muːŋ, *muːŋs
*mus
*mus
*mu
*mu
*mu, *muːŋ
*mu
*mu, *moːɡ
*ml'us
*ml'us, *mlju
*mlju
*mju
*mju, *mjuʔ, *mjus
*mju
*mju
*mju
*mju, *mjuʔ
*mju, *mjus
*mju
*mju
*mju
*mjuʔ
*mjuʔ, *mjus
*mjuʔ, *mjus
*mjuʔ
*moʔ, *mos
*moɡs
*moɡs, *moːɡ
*moɡs
*moɡs
*moɡs, *moːŋ
*moɡs
*moɡs, *moːŋ
*moːŋ, *moːŋs
*moːɡ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  (tree) – wood soft enough that it can easily be cut.

Pronunciation[edit]


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐou³⁵/
Harbin /ʐou²⁴/
Tianjin /iou⁴⁵/
/ʐou⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʐou⁴²/
Qingdao /iou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐou⁴²/
Xi'an /ʐou²⁴/
Xining /ʐɯ²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʐəu⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʐou⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʐɤu⁵¹/
Wuhan /nəu²¹³/
Chengdu /zəu³¹/
Guiyang /zəu²¹/
Kunming /ʐəu³¹/
Nanjing /ʐəɯ²⁴/
Hefei /ʐɯ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zəu¹¹/
Pingyao /ʐəu¹³/
Hohhot /ʐəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zɤ²³/
Suzhou /zɤ¹³/
Hangzhou /zei²¹³/
Wenzhou /jɤu³¹/
Hui Shexian /iu⁴⁴/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /iəu¹³/
Xiangtan /iəɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /iu¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒiu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐu²¹/
Nanning /jɐu²¹/
Hong Kong /jɐu²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liu³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ieu⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iu²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /zĩu⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ziu²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵuw/
Li
Rong
/ȵiu/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
róu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
róu
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*nu/
English soft

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8825
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mlju/

Definitions[edit]

  1. soft
  2. gentle; pliant

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
やわ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

(-na inflection, hiragana やわ, rōmaji yawa, historical hiragana やは)

  1. weak

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana やわら, rōmaji yawara, historical hiragana やはら)

  1. A small handheld metal weapon; like a 'fist-iron'; either one or two small, thick sticks which stick out about an inch from each side of the hand, usually used in pairs to initiate throws, bone breaks, and pressure point strikes; inspired from the vajra/kongō.

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
じゅう
Grade: S
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana じゅう, rōmaji , historical hiragana じう)

  1. softness

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yu) (hangeul , revised yu, McCune-Reischauer yu, Yale yu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.