Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+4EAC, 京
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EAC

[U+4EAB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4EAD]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 8, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜口火 (YRF), four-corner 00906, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 88, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 299
  • Dae Jaweon: page 187, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 284, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+4EAC

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
京-oracle.svg 京-bronze.svg 京-seal.svg 京-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raŋ, *ɡ·raŋs, *ɡ·raŋs
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋs
*ɡ·raŋs, *ɡ·raɡ
*ɡaŋs
*kraŋ
*kraŋ
*kraŋ
*kraŋʔ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋs
*qraŋʔ
*qraŋʔ, *kʷraŋʔ
*kʷraŋʔ
*kʷraŋʔ
*ɡʷraːŋʔ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kiaⁿ - vernacular;
  • keng - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕiŋ²¹/
    Jinan /t͡ɕiŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕiŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕiŋ²¹/
    Xining /t͡ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕĩn³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
    Kunming /t͡ɕĩ/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕin³¹/
    Hefei /t͡ɕin²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕiŋ¹³/
    /t͡ɕi¹³/ ~陵城
    Hohhot /t͡ɕĩŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕin³³/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕaŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕiɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕin³³/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕin³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕin⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /kin⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /kin²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /keŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /keŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kiŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiŋ⁵⁵/
    /kiã⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kiŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /keiŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kiã³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /keŋ²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (111)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠiæŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚiaŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiaŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kiajŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiɐŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭɐŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯ɐŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jīng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jīng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kjæng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]raŋ/
    English hill; capital city

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6828
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kraŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. capital (city)
    2. imperial capital, used exclusively in the names of current and former capitals of the Sinosphere. See
    3. Short for 北京 (Běijīng, “Beijing”).
    4. artificial mound
    5. (obsolete) ten million, 107
    6. (obsolete) ten quadrillion, 1016
    7. (obsolete) septillion, 1024
    8. (obsolete) A hundred nonillion, 1032

    Compounds[edit]

    See also[edit]

    Chinese numerals
    104 108 1012 1016 1020 1024 1028 1032 1036 1040 1044
    亿 (Taiwan) (Taiwan)
    亿
    (Mainland China)
    亿亿
    (Mainland China)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. capital city
    2. ten quadrillion (short scale); ten thousand billion (long scale); 1016
    3. Tokyo
    4. Kyoto

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    /kyau/ > /kyoː/.

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana きょう, rōmaji kyō, historical hiragana きやう)

    1. capital (city)
    2. (abbreviation) Tokyo (東京, Tōkyō)
    3. (abbreviation) Kyoto (京都, Kyōto)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    (miya, imperial palace) +‎ (ko, place).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana みやこ, rōmaji miyako)

    1. the place where the emperor resides
    2. a city that acts as an economic and political center; capital
    3. metropolis

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Number[edit]

    (けい, kei)

    1. 10,000,000,000,000,000, 1016, (US) ten quadrillion, (UK) ten thousand billion

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eum (gyeong))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]

    See also[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (kinh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.