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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic , as horses are skittish (easily startled).

Han character[edit]

(radical 187 +13, 23 strokes, cangjie input 廿大尸手火 (TKSQF), four-corner 48327, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1446, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45013
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1970, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4576, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9A5A

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (驚), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 庚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 舉卿切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣiæŋ/ /ki̯ɐŋ/ /kiɐŋ/ /kɯiaŋ/ /kiajŋ/ /kĭɐŋ/ /kiaŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jīng ‹ kjæng › /*kreŋ/ be afraid

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6877 0 /*kreŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to frighten, to surprise, to startle
  2. scary, frightening

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Derived terms[edit]

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng, Yale kyeng)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kinh)

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