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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kreŋ): phonetic  ‎(OC *kreŋs) + semantic , as horses are skittish (easily startled).

Han character[edit]

(radical 187 +13, 22 strokes, cangjie input 廿大尸手火 (TKSQF), four-corner 48327, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1446, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45013
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1970, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4576, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9A5A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɣiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɯiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/kiɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/kĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*kreŋ/
English be afraid

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6877
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kreŋ/

Verb[edit]

  1. to fear something

Adjective[edit]

  1. scary; frightening

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Derived terms[edit]

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng, Yale kyeng)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kinh)

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