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U+9A5A, 驚
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9A5A

[U+9A59]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9A5B]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 187 +13, 22 strokes, cangjie input 廿大尸手火 (TKSQF), four-corner 48327, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1446, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45013
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1970, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4576, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9A5A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
驚-bigseal.svg 驚-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kraː, *kreŋ, *kreŋʔ
*kaŋʔ, *kreŋʔ
*kreŋ
*kreŋʔ
*kreŋʔ, *ɡreŋs
*keŋʔ
*kreŋʔ, *ɡreŋ, *ɡreŋs
*kreŋs
*ɡreŋ
*ɡreŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kreŋ): phonetic (OC *kreŋs) + semantic , as horses are skittish (easily startled).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • geng1 - vernacular;
  • ging1 - literary.
Note:
  • giăng - vernacular;
  • gĭng - literary.
Note:
  • kiaⁿ - vernacular;
  • keⁿ - vernacular (limited use, e.g. 驚蟄);
  • keng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/kiɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/kĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*kreŋ/
English be afraid

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6877
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kreŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to fear; to be afraid
  2. (of a horse etc.) to be startled; to shy
  3. to frighten; to scare
  4. scary; frightening
  5. fearfully; I'm afraid that ...

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived terms[edit]

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng, Yale kyeng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kinh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.