驚く

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
おどろ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Man'yōshū. Ultimate derivation unclear. Possibilities include:

  • Cognate with, or otherwise alteration from, 轟く (todoroku, to make a loud noise, as when surprised)
  • Derived from apparent conjugation form odo from 怖づ (odu, odzu, to be afraid, to be scared of something, modern verb 怖じる, ojiru), plus uncertain suffix -roku

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

驚く (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana おどろく, rōmaji odoroku)

  1. to be astonished, surprised, amazed, startled
    • 2011, Barack Obama, 中東と北アフリカに関するバラク・オバマの演説:
      この革命 (かくめいのも)物語 (がたり)やその (あと)出来事 (できごと)は、 (おどろ) ()たらない。
      Kono kakumei no monogatari ya sono ato no dekigoto wa, odoroku ni ataranai.
      The story of this revolution, and the ones that followed, should not have come as a surprise.
    • 1956 Kawabata, Snow Country
       (かれ) (おどる)いて (はな)させると (ふか)歯型 (はがた)がついていた。
      Kare ga odoruite hanasaseru to fukai hagata ga tsuite ita.
      Startled, he pulled her arm away: deep tooth marks were on it.

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō