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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ): semantic  ‎(heart) + phonetic  ‎(OC *hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋs) – a feeling of panic.

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 心廿卜山 (PTYU), four-corner 94011, composition)

  1. nervous, panicky, frantic

Note: The right-middle part could be found as instead of .

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 398, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11057
  • Dae Jaweon: page 737, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2326, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+614C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (102)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hwɑŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/hʷɑŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/xuɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwaŋX/
Li
Rong
/xuɑŋX/
Wang
Li
/xuɑŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xwɑŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hǎng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xwangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*m̥ˤaŋʔ/
English confused

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 12654 12656
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hmaːŋ/ /*hmaːŋʔ/
Notes

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hwang) (hangeul , revised hwang, McCune-Reischauer hwang, Yale hwang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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