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U+614C, 慌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-614C

[U+614B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+614D]
慌 U+2F8A7, 慌
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F8A7
慈
[U+2F8A6]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 慎
[U+2F8A8]
慌 U+2F8A9, 慌
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F8A9
慎
[U+2F8A8]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 慺
[U+2F8AA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +10 in Chinese, 心+9 in Japanese, 13 strokes in Chinese, 12 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 心廿卜山 (PTYU), four-corner 94011, composition)

Usage notes[edit]

The right-middle part could be found as instead of .

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 398, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11057
  • Dae Jaweon: page 737, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2326, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+614C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*maːŋ
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*maːŋ
*maːŋ
*maːŋ, *maːŋs
*maːŋ, *maŋs
*maːŋ, *hmaːŋ, *maŋ, *mraːŋ, *mraːŋs
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋs
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ, *hmaŋʔ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ
*hmaːŋʔ
*smaːŋs, *smaːŋ
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*maŋ
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*mlaŋʔ
*mlaŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*mlaŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋs
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ): semantic  (heart) + phonetic  (OC *hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋs).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 12654
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hmaːŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to flee
  2. to fear; to dread; to be afraid
  3. flustered; nervous; panicky; frantic
  4. (colloquial) Used as an adjectival complement after (de), to emphasise the unbearability or extent of the adjectival state.
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 害怕 (“to fear; to be afraid of”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , , , , , , , ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 害怕, 懼怕, 畏懼
Mandarin Beijing 害怕
Taiwan 害怕,
Harbin 害怕, 發毛
Jinan 害怕, , 打怵
Muping 害怕,
Luoyang 害怕,
Wanrong
Xi'an 害怕, , 怯火
Xuzhou 嫌怕, 打怵
Yinchuan 害怕,
Lanzhou 害怕, , 怯乎, 怯豁
Ürümqi 害怕
Wuhan 嚇不過,
Chengdu 害怕, 虛火,
Guiyang 害怕,
Liuzhou
Yangzhou 害怕, , 怕懼, 懼乎
Nanjing 嚇怕,
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou , , ,
Hong Kong , ,
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
Foshan ,
Shunde
Zhongshan (Shiqi)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
Taishan 𢗉
Kaiping (Chikan) 𢗉
Dongguan
Shaoguan ,
Yunfu ,
Yangjiang 𢗉
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Hakka Meixian , 怕畏, ,
Changting
Wuping
Ninghua
Yudu
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah
Senai
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi ,
Jin Taiyuan 害怕,
Xinzhou 著怕,
Min Bei Jian'ou , , ,
Dikou
Songxi
Zhenghe
Zhenqian
Jianyang
Wuyishan
Shibei
Min Dong Fuzhou
Changle
Fuqing
Yongtai
Gutian
Fu'an
Ningde
Shouning
Zhouning
Fuding
Min Nan Xiamen , 驚惶, , 懾屎
Quanzhou , , 懾屎
Zhangzhou , 驚惶,
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Wuqi 驚惶
Hsinchu
Taitung
Lukang
Yilan
Magong
Penang
Chaozhou
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Pinghua Nanning ,
Wu Shanghai ,
Suzhou ,
Hangzhou , , , 怕慌, 發毛
Wenzhou ,
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Ningbo ,
Xiang Changsha , 畏怯
Shuangfeng
Loudi

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (102)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hwɑŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/hʷɑŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/xuɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwaŋX/
Li
Rong
/xuɑŋX/
Wang
Li
/xuɑŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xwɑŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huǎng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xwangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*m̥ˁaŋʔ/
English confused

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 12656
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hmaːŋʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. dim; indistinct
  2. to sleep talk

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. disconcerted

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (hwang))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: hoảng, hoang

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.