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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ): semantic  ‎(heart) + phonetic  ‎(OC *hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋs) – a feeling of panic.

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 心廿卜山 (PTYU), four-corner 94011, composition)

  1. nervous, panicky, frantic

Note: The right-middle part could be found as instead of .

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 398, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11057
  • Dae Jaweon: page 737, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2326, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+614C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (32)
Final: (102)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: hǎng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/hwɑŋX/ /hʷɑŋX/ /xuɑŋX/ /hwaŋX/ /xuɑŋX/ /xuɑŋX/ /xwɑŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huǎng ‹ xwangX › /*m̥ˤaŋʔ/ confused

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12654 0 /*hmaːŋ/
12656 0 /*hmaːŋʔ/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hwang) (hangeul , revised hwang, McCune-Reischauer hwang, Yale hwang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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