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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
罔-oracle.svg 罔-silk.svg 罔-bigseal.svg 罔-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mlaŋʔ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *maŋ)

Han character[edit]

(radical 122 +3, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月廿卜女 (BTYV), four-corner 77220, composition)

  1. net
  2. deceive
  3. libel
  4. negative

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 946, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28211
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1387, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2914, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7F54

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final: (106)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: wǎng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/mʉɐŋX/ /mʷiɐŋX/ /miuɑŋX/ /muaŋX/ /miuaŋX/ /mĭwaŋX/ /miwaŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wǎng ‹ mjangX › /*maŋʔ (or *C.maŋʔ ?)/ net

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12674 0 /*mlaŋʔ/

Verb[edit]

  1. (archaic) to falsely accuse; to wrong (someone); to slander

Usage notes[edit]

  • The modern vernacular equivalent to (when it means falsely accuse) is: 冤枉.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mang) (hangeul , revised mang, McCune-Reischauer mang, Yale mang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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