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See also:
U+7DCA, 緊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7DCA

[U+7DC9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7DCB]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120, +8 in Chinese, 糸+9 in Japanese, 14 strokes in Chinese, 15 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 尸水女戈火 (SEVIF), four-corner 77903, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 929, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27603
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1367, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3410, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+7DCA

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kinʔ): phonetic (OC *kʰaːn, *kʰriːn, *ɡiːn, *kʰins) + semantic .

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kiɪnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kinX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kjenX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kinX/
Li
Rong
/kiĕnX/
Wang
Li
/kĭĕnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ĕnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jǐn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jǐn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjinX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qi[n]ʔ/ (I! no palatalization)
English tight

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1346
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kinʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. tense; tight; taut; tightly
  2. firm; secure
  3. to tighten
    • 腰帶 / 腰带  ―  jǐnjǐn yāodài  ―  to tighten the belt a little
  4. strict
  5. pressing; urgent
  6. short of money; hard up
  7. violent; heavy
    • /   ―  Yǔ xià de jǐn.  ―  It's raining quite heavily.
  8. critical; important
  9. (literary or Hokkien, Datian Min, Zhao'an Hakka, Wenzhou Wu) quick; rapid; quickly
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Possibly from earlier 近處近处 (gan6-2 cyu3, gan6-2 syu3, “future marker expressing the imminent aspect”) (Kataoka, 2018).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese) Grammatical particle used to express progressive aspect (an ongoing activity) which may undergo a change of state. Similar to the -ing form in English.
    / [Cantonese]  ―  ngo5 duk6 gan2 syu1. [Jyutping]  ―  I am attending school.
    / [Cantonese]  ―  keoi5 zoek3 gan2 saam1. [Jyutping]  ―  He/she is putting clothes on.
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (gin))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: khẩn, lẳm

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]