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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 尸水女戈火 (SEVIF), four-corner 77903, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 929, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27603
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1367, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3410, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+7DCA

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kinʔ): phonetic  ‎(OC *kʰaːn, *kʰriːn, *ɡiːn, *kʰins) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kiɪnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kinX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kjenX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kinX/
Li
Rong
/kiĕnX/
Wang
Li
/kĭĕnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ĕnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jǐn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jǐn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjinX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qi[n]ʔ/ (I! no palatalization)
English tight

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1346
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kinʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. tense, tight, taut; tightly
    褲子 / 裤子  ―  Kùzi tài jǐn le.  ―  These pants are too tight.
    瓶口 / 瓶口  ―  Bǎ píngkǒu sāi jǐn.  ―  Stopper the bottle tightly.
  2. firm, secure
  3. to tighten
    腰帶 / 腰带  ―  jǐnjǐn yāodài  ―  to tighten the belt a little
  4. strict
    丈夫收入 [MSC, trad.]
    丈夫收入 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā bǎ zhàngfū de shōurù guǎn de hěn jǐn. [Pinyin]
    She strictly controls expenditure of her husband's income.
  5. pressing, urgent
  6. short of money; hard up
    最近手頭 / 最近手头  ―  Zuìjìn shǒutóu hěn jǐn.  ―  I'm short of money recently.
  7. violent, heavy
    /   ―  Yǔ xià de jǐn.  ―  It's raining quite heavily.
  8. critical, important
  9. (Min Nan) quick, rapid; quickly
    不慢 / 不慢  ―  jǐnbùmàn  ―  not rushed and not slow; taking one's time
    / [Min Nan]  ―  I cháu liáu chin kín. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  He runs really fast.
  10. (Cantonese) Grammatical particle used to express progressive aspect (an ongoing activity) which may undergo a change of state. Similar to the -ing form in English.
    / [Cantonese]  ―  Ngo5 duk6 gan2 syu1. [Jyutping]  ―  I am attending school.
    / [Cantonese]  ―  Keoi5 zoek3 gan2 saam1. [Jyutping]  ―  He/she is putting clothes on.

See also[edit]

  • (particle used to express progressive aspect): (Mandarin) 正在 (zhèngzài)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gin) (hangeul , revised gin, McCune-Reischauer kin, Yale kin)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khẩn, lẳm)

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References[edit]