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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kiːn): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *kiːn).

Han character[edit]

(radical 195 +11, 22 strokes, cangjie input 弓火尸水土 (NFSEG), four-corner 27314)

  1. a skipjack tuna, a bonito, Katsuwonus pelamis (Japanese)
  2. a great eel (Classical Chinese)
  3. a kind of shark

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1477, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46437
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2008, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4709, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+9C39

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ken/
Pan
Wuyun
/ken/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɛn/
Li
Rong
/ken/
Wang
Li
/kien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiān
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1332
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kiːn/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
かつお
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Katsuwonus pelamis.jpg

/katuwo/ → /katuo/

From compound of ‎(kata, hard) +‎ ‎(uo) +‎ fish, from the long-standing practice of drying lower-grade tuna into hard blocks.

Alternately, from compound of 搗つ ‎(katsu, to subdue by striking) +‎ ‎(uo, fish), from the way in which these fish were subdued when catching them.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かつお, katakana カツオ, romaji katsuo, historical hiragana かつを)

  1. a skipjack tuna

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyeon) (hangeul , revised gyeon, McCune-Reischauer kyŏn, Yale kyen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kiên)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.