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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic .

Han character[edit]

(radical 195 +11, 22 strokes, cangjie input 弓火尸水土 (NFSEG), four-corner 27314)

  1. a skipjack tuna, a bonito, Katsuwonus pelamis (Japanese)
  2. a great eel (Classical Chinese)
  3. a kind of shark

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1477, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46437
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2008, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4709, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+9C39

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

‎(simplified , Yale gin1)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

/katuwo/ → /katuo/

From compound of ‎(kata, "hard") + ‎(uo, "fish"), from the long-standing practice of drying lower-grade tuna into hard blocks.

Alternately, from compound of 搗つ ‎(katsu, "to subdue by striking") + ‎(uo, "fish"), from the way in which these fish were subdued when catching them.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Katsuwonus pelamis.jpg

‎(hiragana かつお, romaji katsuo)

  1. skipjack tuna, bonito: Katsuwonus pelamis

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyeon) (hangeul , revised gyeon, McCune-Reischauer kyŏn, Yale kyen)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

‎(simplified , Pinyin jiān (jian1), Wade-Giles chien1)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kiên)

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