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U+5FEB, 快
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FEB

[U+5FEA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FEC]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 心木大 (PDK), four-corner 95030, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 377, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10369
  • Dae Jaweon: page 705, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2278, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5FEB

Descendants[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mɡʷeds
*kʷraːds
*kʰʷraːds
*kʰʷraːds, *kʷeːd
*kʰʷraːds
*kʷeːds
*kʰʷeds, *kʷeːd
*kʰʷed, *kʰʷeːd
*kʰʷed
*qʰʷed
*qʷed, *qʷeːd
*kʷeːd, *qʰʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd, *qʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd, *qʰʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰʷraːds): semantic  + phonetic (OC *kʷraːds).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ká̤ - vernacular;
  • kuái - literary.
Note:
  • khoài - literary;
  • khòe, khùiⁿ, khòaⁿ - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰuai⁵¹/
Harbin /kʰuai⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰuai⁵³/
Jinan /kʰuɛ²¹/
Qingdao /kʰuɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kʰuai³¹²/
Xi'an /kʰuai⁴⁴/
Xining /kʰuɛ²¹³/
Yinchuan /kʰuɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /kʰuɛ¹³/
Ürümqi /kʰuai²¹³/
Wuhan /kʰuai³⁵/
Chengdu /kʰuai¹³/
Guiyang /kʰuai²¹³/
Kunming /kʰuæ²¹²/
Nanjing /kʰuae⁴⁴/
Hefei /kʰue̞⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰuai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /kʰuæ³⁵/
Hohhot /kʰuɛ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kʰua³⁵/
Suzhou /kʰuɑ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /kʰue̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /kʰa⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kʰua³²⁴/
Tunxi /kʰua⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /kʰuai⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kʰuai⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kʰuai²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kʰuai⁵³/
Taoyuan /kʰuɑi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fai³³/
Nanning /fai³³/
/wai³³/
Hong Kong /fai³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰuai²¹/
/kʰue²¹/
/kʰui²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuɑi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰuɛ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuai²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xuai³⁵/
/xɔi³⁵/
/xue³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (30)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠuaiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰʷᵚaiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuaiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰwaɨjsH/
Li
Rong
/kʰuaiH/
Wang
Li
/kʰwæiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰwaiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kuài
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kuài
Middle
Chinese
‹ khwæjH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʷʰˤret-s/
English cheerful

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4407
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰʷraːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. pleased; happy
  2. forthright; plainspoken
  3. rapid; quick; speedy; fast
  4. sharp (of knives); clever (of wits)
  5. quickly; hurriedly
  6. to be about to; almost
      ―  kuài dào le.  ―  I am about to arrive.
  7. to hurry; to hasten; to hurry up
    [Cantonese]  ―  Faai3 di1 laa1! [Jyutping]  ―  Hurry up!

Synonyms[edit]

  • (quick):
Dialectal synonyms of (“fast; quick; speedy”)
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 快速迅速
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou 𢜶
Hefei 𢜶
Cantonese Guangzhou 快脆
Hong Kong 快脆
Taishan 快脆
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Malaysia
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Suzhou 𢜶
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha 快迅
Shuangfeng 快迅

Antonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. pleasant, pleasing, comfortable, enjoyable
  2. fast, quick (in a pleasing way)

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(kwae) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer k'wae, Yale khway)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khoái, khuấy, khoáy, sướng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.