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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Component:

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 心木大 (PDK), four-corner 95030, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 377, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10369
  • Dae Jaweon: page 705, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2278, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5FEB

Descendants[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰuai⁵¹/
Harbin /kʰuai⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰuai⁵³/
Jinan /kʰuɛ²¹/
Qingdao /kʰuɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kʰuai³¹²/
Xi'an /kʰuai⁴⁴/
Xining /kʰuɛ²¹³/
Yinchuan /kʰuɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /kʰuɛ¹³/
Ürümqi /kʰuai²¹³/
Wuhan /kʰuai³⁵/
Chengdu /kʰuai¹³/
Guiyang /kʰuai²¹³/
Kunming /kʰuæ²¹²/
Nanjing /kʰuae⁴⁴/
Hefei /kʰue̞⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰuai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /kʰuæ³⁵/
Hohhot /kʰuɛ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kʰua³⁵/
Suzhou /kʰuɑ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /kʰue̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /kʰa⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kʰua³²⁴/
Tunxi /kʰua⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /kʰuai⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kʰuai⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kʰuai²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kʰuai⁵³/
Taoyuan /kʰuɑi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fai³³/
Nanning /fai³³/
/wai³³/
Hong Kong /fai³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰuai²¹/
/kʰue²¹/
/kʰui²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuɑi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰuɛ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuai²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xuai³⁵/
/xɔi³⁵/
/xue³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (30)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠuaiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰʷᵚaiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuaiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰwaɨjsH/
Li
Rong
/kʰuaiH/
Wang
Li
/kʰwæiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰwaiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kuài
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kuài
Middle
Chinese
‹ khwæjH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʷʰˤret-s/
English cheerful

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4407
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰʷraːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. rapid, quick, speedy, fast
  2. quickly
  3. pleased, happy
  4. hurry up!

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(kwae) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer k'wae, Yale khway)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khoái, khuấy, khoáy, sướng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.