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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Component:

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 心木大 (PDK), four-corner 95030, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 377, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10369
  • Dae Jaweon: page 705, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2278, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5FEB

Descendants[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰuai⁵¹/
Harbin /kʰuai⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰuai⁵³/
Jinan /kʰuɛ²¹/
Qingdao /kʰuɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kʰuai³¹²/
Xi'an /kʰuai⁴⁴/
Xining /kʰuɛ²¹³/
Yinchuan /kʰuɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /kʰuɛ¹³/
Ürümqi /kʰuai²¹³/
Wuhan /kʰuai³⁵/
Chengdu /kʰuai¹³/
Guiyang /kʰuai²¹³/
Kunming /kʰuæ²¹²/
Nanjing /kʰuae⁴⁴/
Hefei /kʰue̞⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰuai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /kʰuæ³⁵/
Hohhot /kʰuɛ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kʰua³⁵/
Suzhou /kʰuɑ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /kʰue̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /kʰa⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kʰua³²⁴/
Tunxi /kʰua⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /kʰuai⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kʰuai⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kʰuai²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kʰuai⁵³/
Taoyuan /kʰuɑi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fai³³/
Nanning /fai³³/
/wai³³/
Hong Kong /fai³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰuai²¹/
/kʰue²¹/
/kʰui²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuɑi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰuɛ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuai²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xuai³⁵/
/xɔi³⁵/
/xue³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (29)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɣuaiH/ /kʰwaiH/ /kʰuaiH/ /kʰʷɯaiH/ /kʰwaɨjsH/ /kʰwæiH/ /kʰuaiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kuài ‹ khwæjH › /*[k]ʷʰˤret-s/ cheerful

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4407 1 /*kʰʷraːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. rapid, quick, speedy, fast
  2. quickly
  3. pleased, happy

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(kwae) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer k'wae, Yale khway)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khoái, khuấy, khoáy, sướng)

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