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See also:
U+5FEB, 快
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FEB

[U+5FEA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FEC]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 61, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 心木大 (PDK), four-corner 95030, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 377, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10369
  • Dae Jaweon: page 705, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2278, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5FEB

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰʷraːds): semantic + phonetic (OC *kʷraːds).

Etymology[edit]

Unknown (Schuessler, 2007). Compare with Burmese ခုပ် (hkup) in Burmese လျင်ခုပ် (lyanghkup, quickly; hurriedly).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ká̤ - vernacular;
  • kuái - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • khoài - literary;
    • khùiⁿ/khòaⁿ - vernacular (limited, e.g. 快活);
    • khòe - vernacular (limited, e.g. 快便).
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kʰuai⁵¹/
    Harbin /kʰuai⁵³/
    Tianjin /kʰuai⁵³/
    Jinan /kʰuɛ²¹/
    Qingdao /kʰuɛ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /kʰuai³¹²/
    Xi'an /kʰuai⁴⁴/
    Xining /kʰuɛ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /kʰuɛ¹³/
    Lanzhou /kʰuɛ¹³/
    Ürümqi /kʰuai²¹³/
    Wuhan /kʰuai³⁵/
    Chengdu /kʰuai¹³/
    Guiyang /kʰuai²¹³/
    Kunming /kʰuæ²¹²/
    Nanjing /kʰuae⁴⁴/
    Hefei /kʰue̞⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /kʰuai⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /kʰuæ³⁵/
    Hohhot /kʰuɛ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /kʰua³⁵/
    Suzhou /kʰuɑ⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /kʰue̞⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /kʰa⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /kʰua³²⁴/
    Tunxi /kʰua⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /kʰuai⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /kʰuai⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /kʰuai²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰuai⁵³/
    Taoyuan /kʰuɑi⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fai³³/
    Nanning /fai³³/
    /wai³³/
    Hong Kong /fai³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰuai²¹/
    /kʰue²¹/
    /kʰui²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuɑi²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰuɛ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuai²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xuai³⁵/
    /xɔi³⁵/
    /xue³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (30)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰˠuaiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰʷᵚaiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰuaiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰwaɨjsH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰuaiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰwæiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰwaiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    kuài
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    faai3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    kuài
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khwæjH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ʷʰˁret-s/
    English cheerful

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4407
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰʷraːds/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. pleased; happy
      Synonym: ()
        ―  kuàigǎn  ―  pleasure
      人心  ―  kuàirénxīn  ―  to the great satisfaction of the people
    2. forthright; plainspoken
      心直口  ―  xīnzhíkǒukuài  ―  frank and outspoken
    3. rapid; quick; speedy; fast
      Synonym: ()
      師傅不能 [MSC, trad.]
      师傅不能 [MSC, simp.]
      Shīfu, néng bùnéng zài kāi kuài yī diǎn? [Pinyin]
      Can you please go faster?
      [Cantonese]  ―  faai3 di1 laa1! [Jyutping]  ―  Hurry up!
    4. (of knives, scissors, axes, etc.) sharp; sharp-edged
      Synonym: (dùn)
        ―  bǎ dāo mó kuài  ―  to sharpen the knife
    5. keen; quick-witted
      反應反应  ―  fǎnyìng kuài  ―  quick in response
      腦子脑子  ―  nǎozǐ kuài  ―  quick-witted
    6. quickly; hurriedly
      幫忙帮忙  ―  Kuài lái bāngmáng!  ―  Come and help quickly!
    7. to be about to; almost
        ―  kuài dào le.  ―  I am about to arrive.
      八點八点  ―  Kuài bādiǎn le.  ―  It's almost 8.
    8. (dated Shanghainese Wu) Used to indicate the near future tense.
      [Shanghainese, trad.]
      [Shanghainese, simp.]
      From: 2010, Qian Nairong, 《從〈滬語便商〉所見的老上海話時態》 (Tenses and Aspects? Old Shanghainese as Found in the Book Huyu Bian Shang)
      It's about to fall down.

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (quick):
    edit

    Antonyms[edit]

    Usage notes[edit]

    • (Old Shanghainese): Unlike other Chinese languages, Northern Wu can mark for tenses as well as aspects. is to be used behind the main verb, unlike most other grammatical particles.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かい
    Grade: 5
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC kʰˠuaiH).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (かい) (kaiくわい (kwai)?

    1. pleasant, pleasing, comfortable, enjoyable
    2. fast, quick (in a pleasing way)
    3. sharp (of knives); clever (of wits)
    4. recovery (from illness, of health)

    Noun[edit]

    (かい) (kaiくわい (kwai)?

    1. (literary) pleasure; delight; enjoyment

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 쾌할 (kwaehal kwae))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: khoái, khuấy, khoáy, sướng

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.