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See also:
U+5FEB, 快
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FEB

[U+5FEA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FEC]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 心木大 (PDK), four-corner 95030, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 377, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10369
  • Dae Jaweon: page 705, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2278, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5FEB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mɡʷeds
*kʷraːds
*kʰʷraːds
*kʰʷraːds, *kʷeːd
*kʰʷraːds
*kʷeːds
*kʰʷeds, *kʷeːd
*kʰʷed, *kʰʷeːd
*kʰʷed
*qʰʷed
*qʷed, *qʷeːd
*kʷeːd, *qʰʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd, *qʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd, *qʰʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰʷraːds): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kʷraːds).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ká̤ - vernacular;
  • kuái - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • khoài - literary;
    • khùiⁿ/khòaⁿ - vernacular (limited, e.g. 快活);
    • khòe - vernacular (limited, e.g. 快便).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kʰuai⁵¹/
    Harbin /kʰuai⁵³/
    Tianjin /kʰuai⁵³/
    Jinan /kʰuɛ²¹/
    Qingdao /kʰuɛ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /kʰuai³¹²/
    Xi'an /kʰuai⁴⁴/
    Xining /kʰuɛ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /kʰuɛ¹³/
    Lanzhou /kʰuɛ¹³/
    Ürümqi /kʰuai²¹³/
    Wuhan /kʰuai³⁵/
    Chengdu /kʰuai¹³/
    Guiyang /kʰuai²¹³/
    Kunming /kʰuæ²¹²/
    Nanjing /kʰuae⁴⁴/
    Hefei /kʰue̞⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /kʰuai⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /kʰuæ³⁵/
    Hohhot /kʰuɛ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /kʰua³⁵/
    Suzhou /kʰuɑ⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /kʰue̞⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /kʰa⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /kʰua³²⁴/
    Tunxi /kʰua⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /kʰuai⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /kʰuai⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /kʰuai²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰuai⁵³/
    Taoyuan /kʰuɑi⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fai³³/
    Nanning /fai³³/
    /wai³³/
    Hong Kong /fai³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰuai²¹/
    /kʰue²¹/
    /kʰui²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuɑi²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰuɛ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuai²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xuai³⁵/
    /xɔi³⁵/
    /xue³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (30)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰˠuaiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰʷᵚaiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰuaiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰwaɨjsH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰuaiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰwæiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰwaiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    kuài
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    kuài
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khwæjH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ʷʰˤret-s/
    English cheerful

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4407
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰʷraːds/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. pleased; happy
    2. forthright; plainspoken
    3. rapid; quick; speedy; fast
    4. sharp (of knives); clever (of wits)
    5. quickly; hurriedly
    6. to be about to; almost
        ―  kuài dào le.  ―  I am about to arrive.
    7. to hurry; to hasten; to hurry up
      [Cantonese]  ―  Faai3 di1 laa1! [Jyutping]  ―  Hurry up!

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (quick):
    Dialectal synonyms of (“fast; quick; speedy”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 快速迅速
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou 𢜶
    Hefei 𢜶
    Cantonese Guangzhou 快脆
    Hong Kong 快脆
    Taishan 快脆
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Penang
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Wu Suzhou 𢜶
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha 快迅
    Shuangfeng 快迅

    Antonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. pleasant, pleasing, comfortable, enjoyable
    2. fast, quick (in a pleasing way)

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (kwae) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer k'wae, Yale khway)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (khoái, khuấy, khoáy, sướng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.