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See also:
U+5FEB, 快
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FEB

[U+5FEA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FEC]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 心木大 (PDK), four-corner 95030, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 377, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10369
  • Dae Jaweon: page 705, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2278, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5FEB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mɡʷeds
*kʷraːds
*kʰʷraːds
*kʰʷraːds, *kʷeːd
*kʰʷraːds
*kʷeːds
*kʰʷeds, *kʷeːd
*kʰʷed, *kʰʷeːd
*kʰʷed
*qʰʷed
*qʷed, *qʷeːd
*kʷeːd, *qʰʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd, *qʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd, *qʰʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰʷraːds): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kʷraːds).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ká̤ - vernacular;
  • kuái - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • khoài - literary;
    • khùiⁿ/khòaⁿ - vernacular (limited, e.g. 快活);
    • khòe - vernacular (limited, e.g. 快便).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kʰuai⁵¹/
    Harbin /kʰuai⁵³/
    Tianjin /kʰuai⁵³/
    Jinan /kʰuɛ²¹/
    Qingdao /kʰuɛ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /kʰuai³¹²/
    Xi'an /kʰuai⁴⁴/
    Xining /kʰuɛ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /kʰuɛ¹³/
    Lanzhou /kʰuɛ¹³/
    Ürümqi /kʰuai²¹³/
    Wuhan /kʰuai³⁵/
    Chengdu /kʰuai¹³/
    Guiyang /kʰuai²¹³/
    Kunming /kʰuæ²¹²/
    Nanjing /kʰuae⁴⁴/
    Hefei /kʰue̞⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /kʰuai⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /kʰuæ³⁵/
    Hohhot /kʰuɛ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /kʰua³⁵/
    Suzhou /kʰuɑ⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /kʰue̞⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /kʰa⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /kʰua³²⁴/
    Tunxi /kʰua⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /kʰuai⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /kʰuai⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /kʰuai²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰuai⁵³/
    Taoyuan /kʰuɑi⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fai³³/
    Nanning /fai³³/
    /wai³³/
    Hong Kong /fai³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰuai²¹/
    /kʰue²¹/
    /kʰui²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuɑi²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰuɛ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuai²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xuai³⁵/
    /xɔi³⁵/
    /xue³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (30)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰˠuaiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰʷᵚaiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰuaiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰwaɨjsH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰuaiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰwæiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰwaiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    kuài
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    kuài
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khwæjH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ʷʰˁret-s/
    English cheerful

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4407
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰʷraːds/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. pleased; happy
    2. forthright; plainspoken
    3. rapid; quick; speedy; fast
    4. sharp (of knives); clever (of wits)
    5. quickly; hurriedly
    6. to be about to; almost
        ―  kuài dào le.  ―  I am about to arrive.
    7. to hurry; to hasten; to hurry up
      [Cantonese]  ―  Faai3 di1 laa1! [Jyutping]  ―  Hurry up!

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (quick):
    Dialectal synonyms of (“fast; quick; speedy”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) , 快速, 迅速
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou , 𢜶
    Hefei , 𢜶
    Cantonese Guangzhou , 快脆
    Hong Kong , 快脆
    Taishan , 快脆
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian ,
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu) ,
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou ,
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Penang , ,
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Wu Suzhou , 𢜶
    Wenzhou ,
    Xiang Changsha , 快迅
    Shuangfeng , 快迅

    Antonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. pleasant, pleasing, comfortable, enjoyable
    2. fast, quick (in a pleasing way)

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (kwae) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer k'wae, Yale khway)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (khoái, khuấy, khoáy, sướng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.