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See also:
U+920D, 鈍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-920D

[U+920C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+920E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167, +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 金心山 (CPU), four-corner 85117, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1298, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40219
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1801, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4175, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+920D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
鈍-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *duːns): semantic  (metal) + phonetic  (OC *duːn, *tun).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-t(u/i)l (dull; blunt). Compare Tibetan རྟུལ (rtul, dull; blunt).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen, Zhangzhou:
    • tun/tūn - “not sharp”;
    • tūn - “stupid”.
  • Quanzhou:
    • tūn - literary;
    • tǔn - vernacular.
  • Taiwan:
    • tun/tūn - “not sharp”;
    • tùn/tūn - “stupid”.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duənH/
Pan
Wuyun
/duonH/
Shao
Rongfen
/duənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dwənH/
Li
Rong
/duənH/
Wang
Li
/duənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dùn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*duːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. dull; blunt; not sharp
  2. dull-witted; dim-witted; slow-witted; stupid
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. (of edge) dull, blunt
  2. (of senses) dull, stupid, slow, slow-witted

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
にび
Grade: S
kun’yomi

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of classical verb 鈍ぶ (nibu, to become dark gray).[1] In modern Japanese, reanalyzed as a shortening of compound term 鈍色 (nibiiro, dark gray).[1][2]

First cited to the late 900s.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(にび) (nibi

  1. short for 鈍色 (nibiiro): dark gray

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
なまくら
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling 鈍ら

The first portion nama is from (nama). This usually has a sense of raw but also has overtones of unprocessed, unready and thus some semantic overlap with, and is cognate with, 鈍る (namaru, to become dull, especially due to lack of proper tempering).

The second portion kura is of uncertain derivation.

The term is first cited to 1711.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(なまくら) (namakura-na (adnominal (なまくら) (namakura na), adverbial (なまくら) (namakura ni))

  1. (uncommon) dull of edge, unable to cut well
  2. (uncommon) dull of mind, lazy, insipid

Noun[edit]

(なまくら) (namakura

  1. a blunt blade
  2. a lazy person, a dullard
    Synonym: 怠け者 (namakemono)
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 무딜 (mudil dun))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(độn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.