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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水卜口火 (EYRF), four-corner 30196, composition)

  1. cool, cold
  2. disheartened

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 628, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17606
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1030, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1657, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6DBC

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (涼), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 呂章切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɨɐŋ/ /li̯aŋ/ /liaŋ/ /liɐŋ/ /lɨaŋ/ /lĭaŋ/ /liɑŋ/
Character (涼), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 力讓切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɨɐŋH/ /li̯aŋH/ /liaŋH/ /liɐŋH/ /lɨaŋH/ /lĭaŋH/ /liɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
liáng ‹ ljang › /*C.raŋ/ cold

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6818 0 /*ɡ·raŋ/
6824 0 /*ɡ·raŋs/
6826 0 /*ɡ·raŋs/

Adjective[edit]

  1. refreshingly cool; pleasantly cool

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ministry of Education, R.O.C. (2011), “Entry #7498”, Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan (臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典)[1]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. cool
  2. refreshing

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryang, yang) (hangeul , , revised ryang, yang, McCune-Reischauer ryang, yang, Yale lyang, yang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lương, ghềnh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.