Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+6DBC, 涼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6DBC

[U+6DBB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6DBD]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水卜口火 (EYRF), four-corner 30196, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 628, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17606
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1030, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1657, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6DBC

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
涼-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raŋ, *ɡ·raŋs, *ɡ·raŋs
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋs
*ɡ·raŋs, *ɡ·raɡ
*ɡaŋs
*kraŋ
*kraŋ
*kraŋ
*kraŋʔ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋs
*qraŋʔ
*qraŋʔ, *kʷraŋʔ
*kʷraŋʔ
*kʷraŋʔ
*ɡʷraːŋʔ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • liâng/liông - literary;
  • niû/niô͘ - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (37) (37)
    Final () (105) (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨɐŋ/ /lɨɐŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /liɐŋ/ /liɐŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /liɑŋ/ /liɑŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɨaŋ/ /lɨaŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /liaŋ/ /liaŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭaŋ/ /lĭaŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯aŋ/ /li̯aŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    liáng liàng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    liáng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ljang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.raŋ/
    English cold

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    No. 6818 6824 6826
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡ·raŋ/ /*ɡ·raŋs/ /*ɡ·raŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. cool; cold
    2. discouraged; disheartened
    3. forlorn
    4. heat-preventing
    5. (slang, neologism) be done for; be finished or destroyed; gone for the dogs; curtains (for someone)
      Flash平臺 [MSC, trad.]
      Flash平台 [MSC, simp.]
      Dōu sàn le ba, Flash píngtái yǐ liáng! [Pinyin]
      [Let's] all go away; Flash platform is already dead!
      作為手機系統webOS早就 [MSC, trad.]
      作为手机系统webOS早就 [MSC, simp.]
      Zuòwéi shǒujī xìtǒng de webOS zǎojiù liáng tòu le! [Pinyin]
      webOS as a cell phone OS is dead thoroughly long since!

    See also[edit]

    • (lěng, “cold”)

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. cool, refreshing
    2. lonely, desolate

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    りょう
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    Etymology[edit]

    /rɨau//rjau//rjɔː//rjoː/

    From Middle Chinese (MC lɨɐŋ, lɨɐŋH).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana りょう, rōmaji ryō, historical hiragana りやう)

    1. cool breeze; refreshing coolness

    Derived terms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana りょう, rōmaji Ryō, historical hiragana りやう)

    1. (historical) Liang, name of five of the Sixteen Kingdoms:
      1. 前涼 (Zenryō, Former Liang, 320–376 CE)
      2. 後涼 (Kōryō, Goryō, Later Liang, 386–403 CE)
      3. 南涼 (Nanryō, Southern Liang, 397–414 CE)
      4. 北涼 (Hokuryō, Northern Liang, 397–439 CE)
      5. 西涼 (Seiryō, Western Liang, 400–421 CE)
    2. a female given name

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ryang>yang) (hangeul >, revised ryang>yang, McCune–Reischauer ryang>yang, Yale lyang>yang)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (lương, ghềnh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.