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U+51B7, 冷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-51B7

[U+51B6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+51B8]
U+F92E, 冷
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F92E

[U+F92D]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F92F]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes
Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 15, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 戈一人戈戈 (IMOII), four-corner 38127, composition )

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 132, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1622
  • Dae Jaweon: page 295, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 296, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+51B7

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *raːŋʔ, *reːŋ, *reːŋʔ): semantic (ice) + phonetic (OC *ren, *reŋ, *reŋs, *reːŋ, *reːŋs) – cold as ice.

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp. #

A vocalic variant of (OC *ɡ·raŋ, “chilly; cold”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ləŋ²¹⁴/
Harbin /ləŋ²¹³/
Tianjin /ləŋ¹³/
Jinan /ləŋ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ləŋ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ləŋ⁵³/
Xi'an /ləŋ⁵³/
Xining /lə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /ləŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /lə̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /lɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nən⁴²/
Chengdu /nən⁵³/
Guiyang /nen⁴²/
Kunming /lə⁵³̃/
Nanjing /lən²¹²/
Hefei /lən²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /ləŋ⁵³/
Pingyao /ləŋ⁵³/
/liɑ⁵³/
Hohhot /lə̃ŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /lã²³/
Suzhou /lã³¹/
Hangzhou /len⁵³/
Wenzhou /liɛ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /lʌ̃³⁵/
/lɛ³⁵/
Tunxi /lɛ²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /lən⁴¹/
Xiangtan /nən⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /lɑŋ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /laŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /lɑŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /laŋ²³/
Nanning /laŋ²⁴/
Hong Kong /laŋ¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liŋ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /lɛiŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /laiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /nẽ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /leŋ²¹³/
/lɛ²¹³/
/lɛ³¹/ 晾乾

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3 3/3
Initial () (37) (37)
Final () (109) (125)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II IV
Fanqie
Baxter laengX lengX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lˠæŋX/ /leŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lᵚaŋX/ /leŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/laŋX/ /lɛŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/laɨjŋX/ /lɛjŋX/
Li
Rong
/lɐŋX/ /leŋX/
Wang
Li
/lɐŋX/ /lieŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɐŋX/ /lieŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lěng lǐng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
lang5 ling5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lěng
Middle
Chinese
‹ lengX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˁeŋʔ/
English cold (Sagart & Ma, 2020)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 3/3
No. 8276 8330
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raːŋʔ/ /*reːŋʔ/
Definitions[edit]

  1. cold; cool
      ―  hánlěng  ―  cold
      ―  lěngshuǐ  ―  cold water
  2. (dialectal) to cool; to cool down; to become cold
  3. cold; desolate; quiet
  4. cold; indifferent
  5. to dishearten
  6. idle
  7. disdainful; sarcastic
  8. neglected; not popular
      ―  lěngmén  ―  unpopular
  9. unfamiliar; rare
      ―  lěng  ―  rare
  10. corny; lame
  11. sudden; unexpected
  12. a surname

Synonyms[edit]

  • (cold):

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (37)
Final () (125)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Baxter leng
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/leŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/leŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɛŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɛjŋ/
Li
Rong
/leŋ/
Wang
Li
/lieŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lieŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
líng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ling4
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 8317
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*reːŋ/
Notes
Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 冷凙冷𪞝.

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 㓑冷.

Etymology 2[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms
𦀬 Guangxi

Borrowed from French laine (wool).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese, Liuzhou Mandarin, Pinghua, Leizhou Min, Hainanese) woollen yarn (Classifier: c;  c)
Synonyms[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms

Borrowed from Teochew (nang5, person).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese, slang, humorous) guy; person (Classifier: c)
  2. (Cantonese) Used in words related to Teochew people.
    [Cantonese]  ―  laang5-1 waa6-2 [Jyutping]  ―  Teochew language

Compounds[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. cool
  2. cold (beer, person)
  3. chill

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひや
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
ひや
[noun] cold drinking water
Alternative spelling
冷や
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun (chal raeng), South Korea (chal naeng))

  1. Hanja form? of / (cold).

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: lãnh[1]
: Nôm readings: linh[2], liểng[2], lành[3], lãnh[2], lênh[2], lạnh[4], lảnh[3], rãnh[2], rảnh[3]

  1. chữ Hán form of lãnh (cold; neglected).
  2. chữ Hán form of lạnh (cold).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]