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U+51B7, 冷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-51B7

[U+51B6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+51B8]
U+F92E, 冷
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F92E

[U+F92D]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F92F]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 15, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 戈一人戈戈 (IMOII), four-corner 38127, composition)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 132, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1622
  • Dae Jaweon: page 295, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 296, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+51B7

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
冷-seal.svg 冷-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ren, *reŋ, *reŋs, *reːŋ, *reːŋs
*riːn, *reːŋ
*riːŋ, *reːŋ, *reːŋs
魿 *ɡriŋ, *reːŋ
*mreŋs
*raːŋʔ, *reːŋ, *reːŋʔ
*reŋ, *reːŋ
*reŋʔ
*reŋʔ
*reŋʔ, *reːŋ
*reŋʔ, *reːŋ
*reŋʔ
*reŋs, *reːŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ, *reːŋʔ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *raːŋʔ, *reːŋ, *reːŋʔ): semantic  (ice) + phonetic  (OC *ren, *reŋ, *reŋs, *reːŋ, *reːŋs) – cold as ice.

Etymology 1[edit]

A vocalic variant of (OC *ɡ·raŋ, *ɡ·raŋs, *ɡ·raŋs, “chilly; cold”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ləŋ²¹⁴/
Harbin /ləŋ²¹³/
Tianjin /ləŋ¹³/
Jinan /ləŋ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ləŋ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ləŋ⁵³/
Xi'an /ləŋ⁵³/
Xining /lə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /ləŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /lə̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /lɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nən⁴²/
Chengdu /nən⁵³/
Guiyang /nen⁴²/
Kunming /lə̃/
Nanjing /lən²¹²/
Hefei /lən²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /ləŋ⁵³/
Pingyao /ləŋ⁵³/
/liɑ⁵³/
Hohhot /lə̃ŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /lã²³/
Suzhou /lã³¹/
Hangzhou /len⁵³/
Wenzhou /liɛ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /lʌ̃³⁵/
/lɛ³⁵/
Tunxi /lɛ²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /lən⁴¹/
Xiangtan /nən⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /lɑŋ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /laŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /lɑŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /laŋ²³/
Nanning /laŋ²⁴/
Hong Kong /laŋ¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liŋ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /lɛiŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /laiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /nẽ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /leŋ²¹³/
/lɛ²¹³/
/lɛ³¹/ 晾乾

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3 3/3
Initial () (37) (37)
Final () (109) (125)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lˠæŋX/ /leŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lᵚaŋX/ /leŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/laŋX/ /lɛŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/laɨjŋX/ /lɛjŋX/
Li
Rong
/lɐŋX/ /leŋX/
Wang
Li
/lɐŋX/ /lieŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɐŋX/ /lieŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lěng lǐng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 3/3
No. 8276 8330
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raːŋʔ/ /*reːŋʔ/
Definitions[edit]

  1. cold; cool
  2. (dialectal) to cool; to cool down; to become cold
  3. cold; desolate; quiet
  4. cold; indifferent
  5. to dishearten
  6. idle
  7. disdainful; sarcastic
  8. neglected; not popular
  9. unfamiliar; rare
  10. corny; lame
  11. sudden; unexpected
  12. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (cold): (hán)
Dialectal synonyms of (“cold”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan , 冷凊
Chengdu ,
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou ,
Hong Kong ,
Taishan
Yangjiang ,
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian) ,
Liudui (S. Sixian) , 寒人
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu) ,
Hsinchu (Raoping) ,
Yunlin (Zhao'an) ,
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou ,
Min Dong Fuzhou ,
Min Nan Xiamen , ,
Quanzhou , ,
Zhangzhou , ,
Taipei , ,
Penang ,
Philippines (Manila) ,
Chaozhou ,
Shantou ,
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou ,
Xiang Changsha ,
Shuangfeng ,
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (37)
Final () (125)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/leŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/leŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɛŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɛjŋ/
Li
Rong
/leŋ/
Wang
Li
/lieŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lieŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
líng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 8317
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*reːŋ/
Notes
Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 冷凙.

Pronunciation 3[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 㓑冷.

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from French laine (wool).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese) woollen yarn (Classifier: ; 𫩥)
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Teochew (nang5, person).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese, slang, humorous) guy; person (Classifier: )

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. cool
  2. cold (beer, person)
  3. chill

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(raeng>naeng) (hangeul >, McCune–Reischauer raeng>naeng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lãnh, lạnh, lênh, liểng, linh, rãnh, lành, lảnh, rảnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.