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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
冷-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (ice) + phonetic  – cold as ice.

Han character[edit]

(radical 15 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 戈一人戈戈 (IMOII), four-corner 38127, composition)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 132, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1622
  • Dae Jaweon: page 295, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 296, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+51B7

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (冷), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 青
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 郎丁切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/leŋ/ /lieŋ/ /leŋ/ /leŋ/ /lɛjŋ/ /lieŋ/ /lɛŋ/
Character (冷), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 庚
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 魯打切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɣæŋX/ /lɐŋX/ /lɐŋX/ /lɯaŋX/ /laɨjŋX/ /lɐŋX/ /laŋX/
Character (冷), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 青
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 力鼎切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/leŋX/ /lieŋX/ /leŋX/ /leŋX/ /lɛjŋX/ /lieŋX/ /lɛŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8276 0 /*raːŋʔ/
8317 0 /*reːŋ/ 冷凙
8330 0 /*reːŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. cold, cool

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(raeng>naeng) (hangeul >, McCune-Reischauer raeng>naeng)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lãnh, lạnh, lênh, liểng, linh, rãnh, lành, lảnh, rảnh)

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