rare

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English rare, from Old French rare, rere (rare, uncommon), from Latin rārus (loose, spaced apart, thin, infrequent), from Proto-Indo-European *er(e)-, *rē- (friable, thin). Replaced native Middle English gesen (rare, scarce) (from Old English gǣsne), Middle English seld (rare, uncommon) (from Old English selden, and Middle English seldsene (rare, rarely seen, infrequent) (from Old Norse sialdsēnn; see seldsome).

Adjective[edit]

rare (comparative rarer, superlative rarest)

  1. Very uncommon; scarce.
    Black pearls are very rare and therefore very valuable.
    • 2013 May-June, David Van Tassel, Lee DeHaan, “Wild Plants to the Rescue”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3:
      Plant breeding is always a numbers game. [] The wild species we use are rich in genetic variation, and individual plants are highly heterozygous and do not breed true. In addition, we are looking for rare alleles, so the more plants we try, the better.
    Synonyms: scarce, selcouth, seld, seldsome, selly, geason, uncommon
    Antonyms: common, frequent
  2. (of a gas) Thin; of low density.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From a dialectal variant of rear, from Middle English rere, from Old English hrēr, hrēre (not thoroughly cooked, underdone, lightly boiled), from hrēran (to move, shake, agitate), from Proto-Germanic *hrōzijaną (to stir), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱera-, *ḱrā- (to mix, stir, cook). Related to Old English hrōr (stirring, busy, active, strong, brave). More at rear.

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rare (comparative rarer or more rare, superlative rarest or most rare)

  1. (cooking, particularly meats) Cooked very lightly, so the meat is still red (in the case of steak or beef in the general sense).
    • Dryden
      New-laid eggs, which Baucis' busy care / Turned by a gentle fire, and roasted rare.
    Synonyms: sanguinary
    Antonyms: well done
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Variant of rear.

Verb[edit]

rare (third-person singular simple present rares, present participle raring, simple past and past participle rared)

  1. (US, intransitive) To rear, rise up, start backwards.
    • 2006, Thomas Pynchon, Against the Day, Vintage 2007, p. 328:
      Frank pretended to rare back as if bedazzled, shielding his eyes with a forearm.
  2. (US, transitive) To rear, bring up, raise.
Usage notes[edit]
  • (Discuss(+) this sense) Principal current, non-literary use is of the present participle raring with a verb in "raring to". The principal verb in that construction is go. Thus, raring to go ("eager (to start something)") is the expression in which rare is most often encountered as a verb.

Etymology 4[edit]

Compare rather, rath.

Adjective[edit]

rare (comparative more rare, superlative most rare)

  1. (obsolete) early
    • Chapman
      Rude mechanicals that rare and late / Work in the market place.

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rare

  1. plural and definite singular attributive of rar

Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rare

  1. Inflected form of raar

Noun[edit]

rare m (plural raren, diminutive rareke n)

  1. weird person
    Synonyms: rare vogel

References[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rārus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rare (plural rares)

  1. rare

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rare

  1. inflected form of rar

Ido[edit]

Adverb[edit]

rare

  1. rarely
    Antonyms: freque, ofte

Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rare f pl

  1. Feminine plural of adjective raro.

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rāre

  1. vocative masculine singular of rārus

References[edit]

  • rare in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rare in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French rer and Latin rārus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈraːr(ə)/, /ˈrɛːr(ə)/

Adjective[edit]

rare

  1. airy, vacuous
  2. porous, breathable
  3. sparsely spread
  4. rare, uncommon, scarce
  5. small, little

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rārus.

Adjective[edit]

rare m, f

  1. (Jersey) rare

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rare

  1. inflection of rar:
    1. definite singular
    2. plural

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rare

  1. inflection of rar:
    1. definite singular
    2. plural

Swedish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rare

  1. absolute definite natural masculine form of rar.