rarus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *er(e)-, *rē- (friable, thin).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈraː.rus/, [ˈraː.rʊs]
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

rārus (feminine rāra, neuter rārum, comparative rārior, superlative rārissimus, adverb rārō or rārē); first/second-declension adjective

  1. scattered, far apart
  2. seldom, few
  3. rare, uncommon
  4. thin, loose

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative rārus rāra rārum rārī rārae rāra
Genitive rārī rārae rārī rārōrum rārārum rārōrum
Dative rārō rārō rārīs
Accusative rārum rāram rārum rārōs rārās rāra
Ablative rārō rārā rārō rārīs
Vocative rāre rāra rārum rārī rārae rāra

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: rrallë
  • Aromanian: rar
  • Asturian: ralu, raru
  • Catalan: rar
  • Danish: rar
  • Middle Dutch: raer
  • Middle English: rare, rere
  • Faroese: rárur
  • French: rare
  • Friulian: râr
  • Galician: raro
  • German: rar

References[edit]

  • rarus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rarus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rarus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • preparations for war; war-material: apparatus (rare in plur.) belli
    • in open order: raris ordinibus
    • to fight in skirmishing order: rari dispersique pugnare (B. C. 1. 44)
  • rarus in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[2]