rets

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English[edit]

Verb[edit]

rets

  1. third-person singular simple present indicative form of ret

Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

rets

  1. second-person singular present indicative form of retre

Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

rets c

  1. genitive singular indefinite of ret

Latvian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *retas, from Proto-Indo-European *er-, *(e)re-(loose, sparse, rare; to break down, to fall to pieces) (whence also irt(to disintegrate, to fall apart), q.v.) with an extra suffix -to-s. A parallel form from the same stem with a suffix -dʰ (*redʰ-) led to Old Church Slavonic рѣдъкъ(rědъkъ), Russian редкий(redkij), and to Latvian dialectal rēds. Cognates include Lithuanian rẽtas[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

rets (def. retais, comp. retāks, sup. visretākais; adv. reti)

  1. thin, sparse (formed of a number of similar elements placed at a relatively large distance from one another)
    rets priedulājs‎ ― thin, sparse pine forest
    mežs bija pietiekami rets‎ ― the forest was rather thin, sparse
    reti mati‎ ― thin hair
    reta ķemme‎ ― wide-tooth(ed) (lit. thin, sparse) comb
  2. sparse (not close to one another)
    grābeklis ar retiem zariem‎ ― rake with rare, sparse prongs
    reti koki‎ ― sparse trees
  3. (of fabric, cloth) thin (with gaps, spaces between the threads)
    reta auduma maisiņš‎ ― little sack of thin cloth (= having gaps)
  4. (of gazes, fog, air, etc.) thin (not concentrated)
    rets kalnu gaiss‎ ― thin mountain air
    migla kļuva retāka un caurspīdīgāka‎ ― the mist became thinner and more transparent
  5. (of groups of people) thin (having few members)
    viņu rindas bija kļuvušas retākas‎ ― their lines, ranks had become thinner
  6. rare (of which there is only a small number)
    reti augi‎ ― rare plants
    retie ķīmiskie elementi, metāli‎ ― rare chemical elements, metals
    retas rokrakstu grāmatas‎ ― rare manuscript books
  7. rare, infrequent, uncommon (not widely known, distributed, used)
    rets vārdu savienojums‎ ― rare, uncommon word combination
    rets izteiciens‎ ― rare expression
    reta tautasdziesmas melodija‎ ― rare folk tune
  8. rare, uncommon (not normal, not ordinary)
    Ubāns ir viens no tiem retajiem māksliniekiem, kurš spēj atklāt skatītājam savu pasauli‎ ― Ubāns is one of those rare artists who are able to open their world to the viewer
  9. (definite forms) rare one(s) (only a few, not many)
    viņa piederēja pie tiem retajiem, kas prot klausīties‎ ― she belonged to (those) rare (people) who know how to listen
    mums varoņu daudz... vien retajam uzcelts piemineklis‎ ― we have many heroes... ony to a rare one (= a few) a monument is built
  10. rare, infrequent (repeated only after long intervals)
    pa retam‎ ― rarely
    rets gadījums‎ ― rare case
    retajos brīvajos vakaros māte mums lasīja‎ ― in the rare free evenings mother used to read to us
  11. rare (which appears, happens infrequently)
    reti viesi‎ ― rare guests
    labs draugs ir reta manta pasaulē‎ ― a good friend is a rare treasure on earth

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (of "thin", "sparse"): plāns

Antonyms[edit]

  • (of "thin", "sparse", "not dense", "with gaps or spaces"): blīvs, biezs
  • (of "rare"): biežs

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “rets”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Old Prussian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rets m

  1. rare, thin