gaz

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See also: Gaz, gáz, and gaž

Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed through Vulgar Latin from Latin gaudium.

Noun[edit]

gaz m

  1. joy
  2. laughter

Related terms[edit]

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

gaz

  1. gas

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[1], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Dutch gas.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gaz m (plural gaz)

  1. gas
  2. (physics) gas
  3. flatulence

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: γκάζι (gkázi)
  • Hebrew: גז (gaz)
  • Polish: gaz
  • Portuguese: gás
  • Portuguese: gás
  • Romanian: gaz
  • Turkish: gaz

Further reading[edit]

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A loanword with a debated origin:[1]

  1. Borrowed from a Slavic language.
  2. Borrowed from Ossetian.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gaz (plural gazok)

  1. weed
    Synonym: gyom

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative gaz gazok
accusative gazt gazokat
dative gaznak gazoknak
instrumental gazzal gazokkal
causal-final gazért gazokért
translative gazzá gazokká
terminative gazig gazokig
essive-formal gazként gazokként
essive-modal
inessive gazban gazokban
superessive gazon gazokon
adessive gaznál gazoknál
illative gazba gazokba
sublative gazra gazokra
allative gazhoz gazokhoz
elative gazból gazokból
delative gazról gazokról
ablative gaztól gazoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
gazé gazoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
gazéi gazokéi
Possessive forms of gaz
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. gazom gazaim
2nd person sing. gazod gazaid
3rd person sing. gaza gazai
1st person plural gazunk gazaink
2nd person plural gazotok gazaitok
3rd person plural gazuk gazaik

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gaz (not generally comparable, comparative gazabb, superlative leggazabb)

  1. (literary) vile, wicked, depraved, treacherous, villainous
    Synonyms: aljas, alávaló, álnok, galád, hitvány, gonosz (see also colloquial and slang synonyms under szemét)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative gaz gazok
accusative gazt gazokat
dative gaznak gazoknak
instrumental gazzal gazokkal
causal-final gazért gazokért
translative gazzá gazokká
terminative gazig gazokig
essive-formal gazként gazokként
essive-modal
inessive gazban gazokban
superessive gazon gazokon
adessive gaznál gazoknál
illative gazba gazokba
sublative gazra gazokra
allative gazhoz gazokhoz
elative gazból gazokból
delative gazról gazokról
ablative gaztól gazoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
gazé gazoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
gazéi gazokéi

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

References[edit]

  1. ^ gaz in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading[edit]

  • gaz in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay gaz, from Persian گز (gaz).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gaz (plural gaz-gaz, first-person possessive gazku, second-person possessive gazmu, third-person possessive gaznya)

  1. (archaic) guz: A unit of length used in parts of Asia, ranging from 24 to 41 inches.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mohammad Khosh Haikal Azad (2018), “Historical Cultural Linkages between Iran and Southeast Asia: Entered Persian Vocabularies in the Malay Language”, in Journal of Cultural Relation, page 117-144

Further reading[edit]

Kashubian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Polish gaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡas/
  • Syllabification: gaz

Noun[edit]

gaz m inan (related adjective gazowi)

  1. (countable, chemistry) gas (matter in an intermediate state between liquid and plasma that can be contained only if it is fully surrounded by a solid; chemical element or compound in such a state)
  2. (uncountable) gas (flammable gaseous hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon mixture used as a fuel)
  3. (uncountable, colloquial) gas (amount of gasoline sent to the engine as controlled by the driver by means of the gas pedal)
  4. (countable, colloquial) gas (gas pedal)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

nouns
verbs

Further reading[edit]

  • Jan Trepczyk (1994), “gaz”, in Słownik polsko-kaszubski, volume 1-2
  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011), “gaz”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi
  • “gaz”, in Internetowi Słowôrz Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka [Internet Dictionary of the Kashubian Language]‎[2], Fundacja Kaszuby, 2022

Masurian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Polish gaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡas]
  • Syllabification: gaz

Noun[edit]

gaz m inan

  1. gas (flammable gaseous hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon mixture used as a fuel)
  2. carbon monoxide
  3. paraffin, kerosene

Further reading[edit]

  • Zofia Stamirowska (1987-2021), “gaz, gaza”, in Anna Basara, editor, Słownik gwar Ostródzkiego, Warmii i Mazur, volume 2, Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk, →ISBN, page 251

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French gaz.[1][2] First attested in the end of the 19th century.[3] Compare Silesian gaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gaz m inan (diminutive gazik, related adjective gazowy)

  1. (countable, chemistry) gas (matter in an intermediate state between liquid and plasma that can be contained only if it is fully surrounded by a solid; chemical element or compound in such a state)
  2. (uncountable) gas (flammable gaseous hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon mixture used as a fuel)
  3. (uncountable) gas (flame produced by such a fuel)
  4. (countable) gas instalation (something allowing the transfer and subsequent use of such a fuel)
  5. (uncountable, colloquial) gas (amount of gasoline sent to the engine as controlled by the driver by means of the gas pedal)
  6. (countable, colloquial) gas (gas pedal)
  7. (in the plural) gass (state of having gas in digestive system)
    Synonyms: bąk, bździna, bździoch, pierd, pierdnięcie, wiatry
  8. (regional) paraffin, kerosene
    Synonym: nafta

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

adverbs
interjections
nouns
verbs
verbs

Related terms[edit]

adjectives
nouns

Descendants[edit]

Trivia[edit]

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), gaz is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 40 times in scientific texts, 14 times in news, 4 times in essays, 4 times in fiction, and 5 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 67 times, making it the 960th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mirosław Bańko; Lidia Wiśniakowska (2021), “gaz”, in Wielki słownik wyrazów obcych, →ISBN
  2. ^ Stanisław Dubisz, editor (2003), “gaz”, in Uniwersalny słownik języka polskiego [Universal dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1-4, Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN SA, →ISBN
  3. ^ Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814), “gaz”, in Słownik języka polskiego
  4. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “gaz”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 125

Further reading[edit]

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French gaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gaz n (plural gaze)

  1. gas (state of matter)

Declension[edit]

Salar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *kāŕ. Compare to Turkish kaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gaz (3rd person possessive [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. goose

References[edit]

  • 林 (Lin), 莲云 (Lianyun) (1985), “gaz”, in 撒拉语简志 [A Brief History of Salar], Beijing: 民族出版社: 琴書店, →OCLC, page 121
  • Tenishev, Edhem (1976), “qaz”, in Stroj salárskovo jazyká [Grammar of Salar], Moscow, page 463
  • Ma, Chengjun; Han, Lianye; Ma, Weisheng (December 2010), “qaz”, in 米娜瓦尔 艾比布拉 (Minavar Abibra), editor, 撒维汉词典 (Sāwéihàncídiǎn) [Salar-Uyghur-Chinese dictionary], 1st edition, Beijing, →ISBN, page 224
  • Yakup, Abdurishid (2002), “gaz”, in An Ili Salar Vocabulary: Introduction and a Provisional Salar-English Lexicon, Tokyo: University of Tokyo, →ISBN, page 105

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *gazъ, from extension of Proto-Indo-European *gʷā- (to go).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gȃz m (Cyrillic spelling га̑з)

  1. ford, shallow place
  2. draft (of a ship)

Declension[edit]

Silesian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Gas. Compare Polish gaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡas/
  • Rhymes: -as
  • Syllabification: gaz

Noun[edit]

gaz m inan (related adjective gazowy)

  1. gas (flammable gaseous hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon mixture used as a fuel)
  2. paraffin, kerosene

Derived terms[edit]

nouns

Further reading[edit]

  • Bogdan Kallus (2020), “gaz”, in Słownik Gōrnoślōnskij Gŏdki, IV edition, Chorzów: Pro Loquela Silesiana, →ISBN, page 79
  • Aleksandra Wencel (2023), “gaz”, in Dykcjůnôrz ślų̊sko-polski, page 233

Sumerian[edit]

Romanization[edit]

gaz

  1. Romanization of 𒄤 (gaz)

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish غاز (gaz), from French gaz, from Dutch gas.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gaz (definite accusative gazı, plural gazlar)

  1. gas
  2. throttle

Derived terms[edit]